Biodiversity

Common coral reef fishes of New Providence Island

September 20, 2010, 4:03 pm

Introduction 

New Providence Island is an island in the Bahamas  in the West Indies.  Over 310 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in New Providence Island.

25 most common species in New Providence Island

The following ranking is based on the results of 1095  REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 967 hours and 44 minutes. (REEF Geographic Zone Report.   June 3, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

caption Blue tang—the most frequently observed reef fish in New Providence Island.  ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994.

caption Masked goby—the reef fish with the highest mean adundance in New Providence Island.  Photo by J. E, Randall, fishbase.com.

Species

% of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Blue tang

 93.2

 few-many

 2. Bluehead  

 92.4

 many

 3. Yellowtail snapper 

 90.5

 many

 4. Stoplight parrotfish

 90.1

 few-many

 5. Foureye butterflyfish

 88.9

 few

 6. Bicolor damselfish

 86.8

 few-many

 7. Blue chromis

 84.5

 many

 8. Fairy basslet

 81.5

 few-many

 9. Sharpnose puffer

 79.3

 few

 10. Bar jack

 78.9

 few

 11. French grunt

 78.5

 few-many

 12. Yellowhead wrasse

 77.8

 few-many

 13. Gray angelfish

 77.2

 single-few

 14. Striped parrotfish  

 76.3

 few-many

 15. Redband parrotfish

 75.8

 few-many

 16. Spanish hogfish

 72.1

 few

 17. Queen angelfish

 69.1

 single-few

 18. Ocean surgeonfish

 68.9

 few

 19. Doctorfish

 68.9

 few

 20. Longspine squirrelfish  

 67.3

 few

 21.  Trumpetfish  

 66.5

 single-few

 22.  Spotted goatfish 

 66.5

 few

 23. Harlequin bass

 64.8

 few

 24. Yellow goatfish

 64.8

 few-many

 25.  Brown chromis

 64.4

 many


References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2010). Common coral reef fishes of New Providence Island. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/151358

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