Biodiversity

Common coral reef fishes of the Turks and Caicos Islands

Content Cover Image

Blue tang—the most frequently observed reef fish in the Turks and Caicos Islands ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. (Image by Tewy (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC-BY-2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Introduction 

caption Blue chromis—the reef fish with the highest mean adundance in the Turks and Caicos Islands. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The Turks and Caicos Islands are a British Overseas Territory consisting of two groups of tropical islands in the West Indies, the larger Caicos Islands and the smaller Turks Islands, located  southeast of Mayaguana in the Bahamas.  Over 370 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in the Turks and Caicos Islands.

 

 

 

25 most common species in Turks and Caicos Islands

caption Blue tang—the most frequently observed reef fish in the Turks and Caicos Islands ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The following ranking is based on the results of 3486  REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 3915 hours and 3 minutes. (REEF Geographic Zone Report.   June 3, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

 

 

 

Species

 % of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Blue tang

 88.4

 few-many

 2. Foureye butterflyfish

 87.5

 few

 3. Blue chromis

 86.6

 many-abundant

 4. Bluehead

 86.3

 many

 5. Stoplight parrotfish

 85.4

 few-many

 6. Fairy basslet

 85.2

 many

 7. Bicolor damselfish

 81.4

 few-many

 8. Yellowtail snapper

 80.7

 many

 9. Black durgon

 74.1

 few-many

 10. Bar jack

 73.5

 few-many

 11. Rock bauty

 72.7

 few

 12. French grunt

 71.6

 few

 13. Nassau grouper

 69.6

 single-few

 14. Princess parrotfish

 68.4

 few-many

 15. Coney

 67.7

 few

 16. Bluestriped grung

 66.7

 few

 17. Yellowhead wrasse

 66.5

 few-many

 18. Trumpetfish

 63.1

 single-few

 19. Banded butterflyfish 

 63.8

 few

 20. Schoolmaster

 61.4

 few

 21.  Great barracuda

 60.4

 single-few

 22.  Yellow goatfish

 60.4

 few-many

 23. Longspine squirrelfish

 59.1

 few

 24. Reband parrotfish

 58.9

 few

 25.  Ocean surgeonfish

 58.2

 few


Islands of Turks and Caicos Islands

References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2014). Common coral reef fishes of the Turks and Caicos Islands. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/151389

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