Current environmental issues in Panamá

Source: CIA
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Natural resources: copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower 

Land use: arable land: 7.26%, permanent crops: 1.95%, other: 90.79% (2005) 

Natural hazards: occasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area 

Current environmental issues:  water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution in urban areas; mining threatens natural resources 

International environmental agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling. Signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation 

Source: The CIA World Factbook


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(2009). Current environmental issues in Panamá. Retrieved from


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