Conservation Biology

Endangered species of Uganda

Content Cover Image

E. equatorialis female cone. (Peter Heibloem, Cycad Gardens, via

Endangered species of Uganda include a number of taxa identified by the Internation Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). It should be noted that throughout the world there are only a small fraction of species adequately described and analyzed to articulate the totality of threatened species. Some estimates place the number of threatened species one to two orders of magnitude higher than IUCN lists, simply due to the large number of species that have not yet been described or analyzed.

IUCN classification system

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides information on plants and animals that have evaluated against a number of criteria designed to determine their relative risk of extinction. Species for which their is sufficient data are ranked on a scale:

  • Extinct (EX)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Least Concern (LC)

Only a small number of the world's plant and animal species have been assessed. However, amphibians, birds, mammals, freshwater crabs, warm-water reef building corals, conifers and cycads have been comprehensively assessed. Species within the categories of Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), and Vulnerable (VU) are termed threatened.

As of July 10, 2009, the IUCN database included 196 threatened species in Uganda which are listed here. Over time, Encyclopedia of Earth articles will be developed for each species.

Plant species

Critically endangered plants

  1. Afrothismia winkleri
  2. Diospyros katendei
  3. Encephalartos equatorialis

Endangered plants

  1. Brazzeia longipedicellata
  2. Dialium excelsum
  3. Dracaena ombet
  4. Lovoa swynnertonii

Vulnerable plants

  1. Afzelia africana
  2. Afzelia bipindensis
  3. Albizia ferruginea
  4. Antrocaryon micraster
  5. Beilschmiedia ugandensis
  6. Cola bracteata
  7. Cordyla richardii
  8. Crassocephalum bauchiense
  9. Deschampsia angusta
  10. Encephalartos macrostrobilus
  11. Encephalartos whitelockii
  12. Entandrophragma angolense
  13. Entandrophragma cylindricum
  14. Entandrophragma utile
  15. Euphorbia bwambensis
  16. Guarea cedrata
  17. Guarea mayombensis
  18. Hallea stipulosa
  19. Khaya anthotheca
  20. Khaya grandifoliola
  21. Khaya senegalensis
  22. Lophira alata
  23. Lovoa trichilioides
  24. Memecylon bequaertii
  25. Mikaniopsis vitalba
  26. Millettia lacus-alberti
  27. Nauclea diderrichii
  28. Ocotea kenyensis
  29. Pavetta intermedia
  30. Prunus africana
  31. Secamone racemosa
  32. Turraeanthus africanus
  33. Vitellaria paradoxa

Detail on selected species

Common Name

Scientific Name

Species Family


Cheetah (Hunting Leopard) Acinonyx jubatus Felidae (cats) VU
Karamoja Apalis Apalis karamojae Cisticolidae VU
Madagascar Pond-heron
(Madagascar Squacco Heron)
Ardeola idae Ardeidae EN
Shoebill or Whale-headed Stork Balaeniceps rex Balaenicipitidae VU
  Astatotilapia sp. nov. 'shovelmouth' Cichlidae EN
(type of frog) Afrixalus orophilus Hyperoliidae VU
  Aspatharia divaricata Mutelidae VU
Afzelia Afzelia africana Leguminosae (legumes) VU
  Afzelia bipindensis Leguminosae (legumes) VU
Albizia Albizia ferruginea Leguminosae (legumes) VU
Antrocaryon Antrocaryon micraster Anacardiaceae VU


  • Butynski, T.M. (1984) Ecological survey of the Impenetrable (Bwindi) Forest, Uganda, and Recommendations for its Conservation and Management. New York Zoological Society.
  • Butynski, T.M. (1985) Primates and their Conservation in the Impenetrable (Bwindi) Forest, Uganda. Primate Conservation 6: 68-72 (unseen).
  • Butynski, T.M. and Kalina, J. (1993) Three new mountain national parks for Uganda. Oryx 27:4, 214-224.
  • Cunningham, A.C. (1992) People, park and plant use: research and recommendations for multiple use zones and development alternatives around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. CARE Intl., Kampala, Uganda.
  • Fishpool, L.& Evans, M.(eds) (2001). Important Bird Areas for Africa and Associated Islands. Priority Sites for Conservation. Pisces Publications & Birdlife International, Newbury &Cambridge, U.K. BLI Conservation Series No.11. ISBN: 187435720X
  • Goldsmith, M.L. and Stanford, C.B. (1997) The Bwindi Impenetrable Great Ape Project, Uganda. Gorilla Conservation News No.11.
  • Hamilton, A. (1969) The vegetation of South West Kigezi. Uganda Journal 33(2): 175-99 (unseen).
  • Hamilton, A. (1984) Deforestation in Uganda. Nairobi: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0195725476.
  • Harcourt, A.H. (1979) Conservation of the Bwindi Forest Reserve and its Gorillas, S.W. Uganda. WWF/IUCN Project 1577 Report.
  • Hamilton, A.,Cunningham,T.,Byarugaba, D.& Kayanja, F. (2003) Conservation and conflict in Uganda. Common Ground. University of Maine, U.S.A.
  • Hilton-Taylor, C. (compiler) (2002). 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Cambridge, U.K. ISBN: 2831705657.


Saundry, P. (2014). Endangered species of Uganda. Retrieved from


To add a comment, please Log In.