Malaysia Biodiversity and Protected Areas Factsheet

November 26, 2011, 9:26 am

This Malaysia Biodiversity and Protected Areas Factsheet was initally developed by the World Resources Instittute in order to provide an overview to salient biodiversity data and protected areas of the nation of Malaysia.

Malaysia is situated in southeast Asia. It consists of two disparate regions: Peninsular Malaysia in the west lying between Thailand and Singapore, and the states of Sabah and Sarawak located in the east on the island of Borneo. The two regions are separated by the South China Sea. The total land area of the country is 328,550 km². Malaysia is a federal country, divided into 13 states plus the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Labuan Island..

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Factsheet

 

                                              Malaysia  Asia (excluding the Middle East)   World
 Total Land Area (ha)    32,975,000  2,494,475,000 13,328,979,000 

PROTECTED AREAS

     
Extent of Protected Areas by IUCN Category (ha), 2003:      
       Nature Reserves, Wilderness Areas, and National Parks (categories I and II)    916,000  89,140,000  438,448,000
       Natural Monuments, Species ManagementAreas, and Protected Landscapes andSeascapes (categories III, IV, and V)    468,000  57,211,000  326,503,000
       Areas Managed for Sustainable Use and Unclassified Areas (category VI and "other")    8,717,000  57,878,000  692,723,000
Total Area Protected (all categories)   10,101,000  204,229,000  1,457,674,000
Marine and Littoral Protected Areas {a}    1,352,000  21,995,000  417,970,000

Protected Areas as a Percentage of Total Land

 30.6%   8.3%  10.8%
 Number of Protected Areas, 2003    647  5,761  98,400
 Number of Areas >100,000 ha, 2003    22  295  2,091
 Number of Areas > 1 million ha, 2003    X  X  243

 Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), 2002:

     
      Number of Sites   1  98  1,179
      Total Area (ha)    38,000  5,641,000  102,283,000

 Biosphere Reserves, 2002

     
       Number of Sites    X  55  408
       Total Area (ha)   X  X  439,000,000

NUMBER AND STATUS OF SPECIES

     
       Higher Plants      
            Total known species (number), 1992-2002    15,500  X  X
            Number of threatened species, 2002    681  X  5,714
       Mammals      
            Total known species (number), 1992-2002   300  X  X
            Number of threatened species, 2002    50  X  1,137
       Breeding Birds      
            Total known species (number), 1992-2002    254  X  X
            Number of threatened species, 2002  37  X  1,192
        Reptiles      
            Number of Total Known Species, 1992-2003    379  X  X
            Number of threatened species, 2002    21  X  293
        Amphibians      
            Number of Total Known Species, 1992-2003   198  X  X
            Number of threatened species, 2002    X  X  157
        Fish      
            Number of Total Known Species, 1992-2003    368  X  X
            Number of threatened species, 1992-2002    20  X  742

References and Further Reading

 

 

Glossary

Citation

Institute, W. (2011). Malaysia Biodiversity and Protected Areas Factsheet . Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/154387

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