National parks in Brazil

Source: WDPA
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The following is a list of protected areas in Brazil considered "National Parks" under the IUCN Protected Area Management Categories (category II). That is, large natural or near natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area, which also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities.

This list is drawn from the 2009 World Database on Protected Areas:

Site Name Marine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectares)
Total
Marine
Area
(hectares)

Abrolhos (National Park)

Both

68,891

88,220

Acarai (State Park)

Terrestrial

6,145

 

Aguapeí (State Park)

Terrestrial

9,074

 

Águas Claras (State Park)

Terrestrial

86

 

Águas do Cuiabá (State Park)

Terrestrial

10,600

 

Águas Quentes (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,487

 

Alberto Lofgren (State Park)

Terrestrial

185

 

Altamiro de Moura Pacheco (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,570

 

Alto do Ribeira (State Park)

Terrestrial

35,855

 

Aparados da Serra (National Park)

Terrestrial

10,250

 

Ara (State Park)

Terrestrial

67

 

Araguaia (National Park)

Terrestrial

557,743

 

Araguaia (State Forest)

Terrestrial

8,263

 

Aratu (State Park)

Terrestrial

353

 

Araucárias (National Park)

Terrestrial

12,841

 

Araucárias (State Park)

Terrestrial

622

 

Areia Vermelha (State Marine Park)

Marine

232

 

Aventureiro (State Marine Park)

Both

1,790

 

Bacanga (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,075

 

Belém (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,481,726

 

Biribiri (State Park)

Terrestrial

16,991

 

Boguaçu (State Park)

Terrestrial

6,052

 

Bosque dos Eucalípitos (State Park)

Terrestrial

3

 

Brasilia (National Park)

Terrestrial

42,389

 

Cabo Orange (National Park)

Both

619,000

120,000

Cachoeira da Fumaça (State Park)

Terrestrial

24

 

Cachoeira do Pipiripau (State Park)

Terrestrial

88

 

Camaquã (State Park)

Terrestrial

5,557

 

Campina do Encantado (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,130

 

Campinhos (State Park)

Terrestrial

129

 

Campos Amazônicos (National Park)

Terrestrial

873,570

 

Campos do Jordão (State Park)

Terrestrial

8,157

 

Campos Gerais (National Park)

Terrestrial

21,286

 

Candangolândia (State Park)

Terrestrial

6

 

Cantão (State Park)

Terrestrial

100,826

 

Cantareira (State Park)

Terrestrial

7,638

 

Caparaó (National Park)

Terrestrial

31,853

 

Caracol (State Park)

Terrestrial

65

 

Carlos Botelho (State Park)

Terrestrial

40,227

 

Catimbau (National Park)

Terrestrial

62,300

 

Cavernas do Peruaçu (National Park)

Terrestrial

56,800

 

Caxambu (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,110

 

Cerrado (State Park)

Terrestrial

732

 

Chacrinha (State Park)

Terrestrial

12

 

Chandles (State Park)

Terrestrial

695,303

 

Chapada das Mesas (National Park)

Terrestrial

160,046

 

Chapada Diamantina (National Park)

Terrestrial

152,000

 

Chapada dos Guimarães (National Park)

Terrestrial

33,000

 

Chapada dos Veadeiros (National Park)

Terrestrial

60,000

 

Cidade Mãe Bonifácia (State Park)

Terrestrial

771,609

 

Copaíbas (State Park)

Terrestrial

76

 

Corumbiara (State Park)

Terrestrial

431,711

 

Cristalino I (State Park)

Terrestrial

66,900

 

Cristalino II (State Park)

Terrestrial

118,000

 

Delta do Jacuí (State Park)

Terrestrial

22,745

 

Descobrimento (National Park)

Terrestrial

21,129

 

Desengano (State Park)

Terrestrial

21,459

 

Dom Osório Stoffel (State Park)

Terrestrial

6,440

 

Emas (National Park)

Terrestrial

100,000

 

Embu-Guaçu (State Park)

Terrestrial

128

 

Encontro das Águas (State Park)

Terrestrial

6,460

 

Ermida Dom Bosco (State Park)

Terrestrial

131

 

Espigão Alto (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,441

 

Espinilho (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,630

 

Exposições (State Park)

Terrestrial

9

 

Fernando de Noronha (National Park)

Both

11,270

9,580

Fonte Grande (State Park)

Terrestrial

219

 

Forno Grande (State Park)

Terrestrial

794

 

Fritz Plaumann (State Park)

Terrestrial

726

 

Furnas do Bom Jesus (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,404

 

Garça Branca (State Park)

Terrestrial

140

 

Graciosa (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,116

 

Grajaú (State Park)

Terrestrial

113

 

Grande Sertão Veredas (National Park)

Terrestrial

147,301

 

Grão-Mogol (State Park)

Terrestrial

33,325

 

Gruta da Lagoa Azul (State Park)

Terrestrial

12,513

 

Guajará Mirim (State Park)

Terrestrial

204,007

 

Guará (State Park)

Terrestrial

192

 

Guarapiranga (State Park)

Terrestrial

330

 

Guariba (State Park)

Terrestrial

72,296

 

Guarita (State Park)

Terrestrial

12

 

Guartelá (State Park)

Terrestrial

840

 

Guirá (State Park)

Terrestrial

113,354

 

Ibicatu (State Park)

Terrestrial

82

 

Ibiporã (State Park)

Terrestrial

74

 

Ibitipoca (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,516

 

Ibitiriá (State Park)

Terrestrial

519

 

Igarapés do Juruena (State Park)

Terrestrial

227,817

 

Iguaçu (National Park)

Terrestrial

170,037

 

Ilha Anchieta (State Park)

Both

824

 

Ilha das Flores (State Park)

Terrestrial

23

 

Ilha do Cardoso (State Park)

Both

13,183

 

Ilha do Mel (State Park)

Terrestrial

338

 

Ilha Grande (National Park)

Terrestrial

78,875

 

Ilha Grande (State Park)

Terrestrial

4,312

 

Ilhabela (State Park)

Both

29,385

 

Intervales (State Park)

Terrestrial

40,780

 

Itacolomi (State Park)

Terrestrial

7,543

 

Itapeva (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,002

 

Itapuã (State Park)

Terrestrial

5,981

 

Itatiaia (National Park)

Terrestrial

30,000

 

Itaúnas (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,150

 

Ivinhema (State Park)

Terrestrial

73,345

 

Jacarapé (State Park)

Terrestrial

385

 

Jacupiranga (State Park)

Both

148,832

 

Jalapão (State Park)

Terrestrial

159,615

 

Jamanxim (National Park)

Terrestrial

859,722

 

Jaraguá (State Park)

Terrestrial

490

 

Jaú National Park

Terrestrial

2,272,000

 

Jericoacoara (National Park)

Terrestrial

8,416

 

João Paulo II (State Park)

Terrestrial

5

 

Juquery (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,928

 

Juruena (National Park)

Terrestrial

1,957,000

 

Jurupará (State Park)

Terrestrial

23,900

 

Lago Azul (State Park)

Terrestrial

4,504

 

Lagoa do Cajueiro (State Park)

Terrestrial

21,315

 

Lagoa do Peixe (National Park)

Terrestrial

34,400

 

Lagoa Joaquim de Medeiros (State Park)

Terrestrial

83

 

Laje de Santos (State Marine Park)

Both

5,000

 

Lajeado (State Park)

Terrestrial

10,794

 

Lauráceas (State Park)

Terrestrial

27,828

 

Lençóis Maranhenses (National Park)

Both

155,000

12,000

Mananciais de Campos do Jordão (State Park)

Terrestrial

503

 

Massairo Okamura (State Park)

Terrestrial

53

 

Mata das Flores (State Park)

Terrestrial

281

 

Mata do Godoy (State Park)

Terrestrial

684

 

Mata São Francisco (State Park)

Terrestrial

677

 

Mata Seca (State Park)

Terrestrial

10,342

 

Matas do Segredo (State Park)

Terrestrial

178

 

Mirador (State Park)

Terrestrial

500,000

 

Monge (State Park)

Terrestrial

364

 

Montanhas do Tumucumaque (National Park)

Terrestrial

3,867,000

 

Monte Alegre (State Park)

Terrestrial

5,960

 

Monte Pascoal (National Park)

Both

25,500

151

Monte Roraima (National Park)

Terrestrial

116,000

 

Morro do Chapéu (State Park)

Terrestrial

46,000

 

Morro do Diabo (State Park)

Terrestrial

36,642

 

Nascente Rio Taquari (State Park)

Terrestrial

30,619

 

Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba (State Park)

Terrestrial

76

 

Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba (National Park)

Terrestrial

729,813

 

Nhamundá (State Park)

Terrestrial

28,370

 

Nova Baden (State Park)

Terrestrial

214

 

Pacaás Novos (National Park)

Terrestrial

764,801

 

Palmas (State Park)

Terrestrial

181

 

Pantanal do Rio Negro (State Park)

Terrestrial

78,303

 

Pantanal Matogrossense (National Park)

Terrestrial

135,000

 

Parati-Mirim (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,252

 

Paraúna (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,250

 

Parcel de Manuel Luís (State Marine Park)

Both

45,238

 

Pau Brasil (National Park)

Terrestrial

11,538

 

Paulo César Vinha (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,639

 

Pau-Oco (State Park)

Terrestrial

659

 

Pedra Azul (State Park)

Terrestrial

979

 

Pedra Branca (State Park)

Both

12,556

 

Pedra da Boca (State Park)

Terrestrial

259

 

Pedra da Risca do Meio (State Marine Park)

Marine

3,320

 

Penhasco Verde (State Park)

Terrestrial

305

 

Pequizeiro (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,244

 

Pico da Neblina (National Park)

Terrestrial

2,200,000

 

Pico do Itambé (State Park)

Terrestrial

4,700

 

Pico do Jabre (State Park)

Terrestrial

855

 

Pico Marumbi (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,069

 

Pico Paraná (State Park)

Terrestrial

4,340

 

Pirineus (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,846

 

Podocarpus (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,898

 

Ponte Alta do Gama (State Park)

Terrestrial

55

 

Pontões Capixabas (National Park)

Terrestrial

17,496

 

Porto Ferreira (State Park)

Terrestrial

682

 

Professor José Wacchowicz (State Park)

Terrestrial

119

 

Prosa (State Park)

Terrestrial

135

 

Quilombo (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,245

 

Recanto das Emas (State Park)

Terrestrial

101

 

Restinga de Jurubatiba (National Park)

Terrestrial

14,860

 

Retirinho (State Park)

Terrestrial

478

 

Rio Canoas (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,136

 

Rio Cocó (State Park)

Both

1,155

 

Rio Corrente (State Park)

Terrestrial

5,191

 

Rio da Onça (State Park)

Terrestrial

131

 

Rio Descoberto (State Park)

Terrestrial

341

 

Rio Doce (State Park)

Terrestrial

5,951

 

Rio Guarani (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,235

 

Rio Negro-Setor Norte (State Park)

Terrestrial

146,028

 

Rio Negro-Setor Sul (State Park)

Terrestrial

157,807

 

Rio Novo (National Park)

Terrestrial

537,757

 

Rio Pardo (State Park)

Terrestrial

12,700

 

Rio Peixe (State Park)

Terrestrial

7,734

 

Rio Preto (State Park)

Terrestrial

10,102

 

Roberto Ribas Lange (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,043

 

Rondinha (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,015

 

Saint-Hilaire/Lange (National Park)

Terrestrial

25,168

 

São Joaquim (National Park)

Terrestrial

49,300

 

Saúde (State Park)

Terrestrial

53

 

Sempre-Vivas (National Park)

Terrestrial

124,000

 

Serra Azul (State Park)

Terrestrial

11,002

 

Serra da Baitaca (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,053

 

Serra da Bocaina (National Park)

Both

97,954

13

Serra da Bodoquena (National Park)

Terrestrial

76,418

 

Serra da Canastra (National Park)

Terrestrial

200,000

 

Serra da Capivara (National Park)

Terrestrial

100,000

 

Serra da Concórdia (State Park)

Terrestrial

965

 

Serra da Cutia (National Park)

Terrestrial

283,611

 

Serra da Mocidade (National Park)

Terrestrial

350,960

 

Serra da Tiririca (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,270

 

Serra das Araras (State Park)

Terrestrial

43,343

 

Serra das Confusões (National Park)

Terrestrial

502,411

 

Serra de Caldas Novas (State Park)

Terrestrial

12,198

 

Serra de Itabaiana (National Park)

Terrestrial

8,030

 

Serra de Ricardo Franco (State Park)

Terrestrial

158,621

 

Serra de Santa Bárbara (State Park)

Terrestrial

120,092

 

Serra do Araçá (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,818,700

 

Serra do Brigadeiro (State Park)

Terrestrial

13,210

 

Serra do Cipó (National Park)

Terrestrial

33,800

 

Serra do Conduru (State Park)

Terrestrial

7,000

 

Serra do Divisor (National Park)

Terrestrial

846,285

 

Serra do Itajaí (National Park)

Terrestrial

57,374

 

Serra do Mar (State Park)

Both

304,753

 

Serra do Papagaio (State Park)

Terrestrial

22,988

 

Serra do Pardo (National Park)

Terrestrial

445,392

 

Serra do Tabuleiro (State Park)

Both

94,487

 

Serra dos Martírios/Andorinhas

Terrestrial

38,844

 

Serra dos Órgãos (National Park)

Terrestrial

10,527

 

Serra dos Reis (State Park)

Terrestrial

36,309

 

Serra Dourada (State Park)

Terrestrial

30,000

 

Serra Furada (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,342

 

Serra Geral (National Park)

Terrestrial

17,300

 

Serra Negra (State Park)

Terrestrial

13,654

 

Serra Rola-Moça (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,941

 

Sete Cidades (National Park)

Terrestrial

7,700

 

Sete Passagens (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,821

 

Sete Salões (State Park)

Terrestrial

12,521

 

Sobradinho (State Park)

Terrestrial

162

 

Sombra da Tarde (State Park)

Terrestrial

0.02

 

Sonora (State Park)

Terrestrial

10,617

 

Sucunduri (State Forest)

Terrestrial

492,905

 

Sumauma (State Park)

Terrestrial

51

 

Sumidouro (State Park)

Terrestrial

1,329

 

Superagüi (National Park)

Both

33,855

3,096

Tainhas (State Park)

Terrestrial

5,081

 

Telma Ortegal (State Park)

Terrestrial

156

 

Terra Ronca (State Park)

Terrestrial

57,196

 

Tijuca (National Park)

Both

3,200

 

Três Meninas (State Park)

Terrestrial

70

 

Três Picos (State Park)

Terrestrial

46,350

 

Tucumã (State Park)

Terrestrial

66,475

 

Turvo (State Park)

Terrestrial

17,008

 

Ubajara (National Park)

Terrestrial

6,288

 

Uruçui - Una (National Park)

Terrestrial

227,011

 

Vassununga (State Park)

Terrestrial

2,054

 

Verde Grande (State Park)

Terrestrial

25,654

 

Veredas do Acari (State Park)

Terrestrial

58,986

 

Veredas do Peruaçú (State Park)

Terrestrial

30,702

 

Vila Rica do Espirito Santo (State Park)

Terrestrial

348

 

Vila Velha (State Park)

Terrestrial

3,803

 

Xingu (State Park)

Terrestrial

95,025

 

Xixová-Japuí (State Park)

Terrestrial

901

 

 

caption Map of Brazil. (Source: CIA, The World Factbook)

Return to Protected areas of Brazil

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Further Reading:

  1. World Resources Institute
  2. World Database on Protected Areas

 

Glossary

Citation

(2009). National parks in Brazil. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/154785

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