Protected Areas of Cuba

Source: WDPA
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Protected area highlights for Cuba (January 31, 2008):

 

# of
Areas

Area
km2

 

Total Area of nationally recognized protected areas (% of Cuba's Territorial Area)

71

36,353

15.5%

- Terrestrial (% of Cuba's Terrestrial Territorial Area)

71

20,829

18.8%

- Marine and Littoral Protected Area

42

15,525

 

Note that some protected areas include both terrestrial area and marine area

 

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 1,000 km2

9

 

 

Wetlands of International importance (Ramsar Sites)

6

11,884

 

UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves

6

13,837

 


There are six wetlands in Cuba recognized as important under the the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar Convention):

Site NameTotal Area
(Hectares)
Total
Marine Area
(Hectares)
Buenavista313,500 
Ciénaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud126,20039,562
Ciénaga de Zapata452,000153,991
Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila226,875155,360
Humedal Delta del Cauto47,8369,991
Humedal Río Máximo-Cagüey22,000 

 There are six UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves in Cuba:

Site NameMarine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectares)
Total
Marine
Area
(hectares)
BaconaoBoth92,3609,515
BuenavistaBoth313,500226,268
Ciénaga de ZapataBoth625,354153,991
Cuchillas del ToaBoth208,3055,516
Peninsula de GuanahacabibesBoth119,18949,508
Sierra del RosarioTerrestrial25,000 

 The World Database on Protected Areas reports 259 nationally recognized protected areas in Cuba (188 more than included in the summary)::

Site NameIUCN
Designation
Marine or
Terrestrial
Total Area
(Hectares)
Total Marine
Area (Hectares)
Abra de Mariana Natural Outstanding Element Terrestrial286 
Aguacate Boca de Carreras Protected Natural Land/Seascape Terrestrial616 
Albufera Maya Wildlife Refuge Both87316
Alejandro de Humbodlt National ParkIIBoth70,8352,250
Alto de Cotilla Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial388 
Alturas de Banao (El Naranjal) Ecological ReserveIITerrestrial6,177 
Alturas de Fomento Managed Flora ReserveIVTerrestrial225 
Anafe Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial200 
Arena Sílice de Casilda Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial771 
Arenas Blancas de Tunas Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial906 
Baconao Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth84,8579,643
Bacunayagua Ecological ReserveIIBoth645421
Bahía de Cádiz Ecological Reserve Both1,1621,053
Bahía de Malagueta Wildlife Refuge Both23,2629,210
Bahía de Naranjo (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both1,934109
Bahía de Sagua de Tánamo y Sus Cayos Wildlife Refuge Both9,3954,313
Baitiquirí Ecological ReserveIbBoth4,4361,488
Balsas de Gibara Wildlife Refuge Both74750
Banco de Buena Esperanza Wildlife Refuge Marine16,54050,452
Banco de Jagua Wildlife Refuge Marine6,8696,869
Banco del Noroeste (Knoll) Wildlife Refuge Marine7,4117,411
Barrera Submarina Santa Lucía (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Marine4,9384,704
Batalla de Guisa Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,240 
Bellamar - Jarrito (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial1,629 
Bellamar - Jarrito National Monument Terrestrial1,629 
Bermeja Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial865 
Boca de Cananova Wildlife Refuge Both582119
Boquerón (CA) (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial3,190 
Bosque Fósil de Najasa (Natural Outstanding Element)IIITerrestrial127 
Botinos Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial4,141 
Buena Vista Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth202,353226,019
Cabo Lucrecia Punta de Mulas Managed Flora Reserve Both2,70111
Caguanes National ParkIIBoth20,48811,989
Caleta (Natural Outstanding Element) Both7,034255
Caletones Ecological Reserve Both33,5153,721
Camarones (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial401 
Canasí Managed Flora Reserve Both847416
Cangilones del Río Máximo (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial564 
Cañón del Río Canímar (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)VBoth1,50232
Cañón del Río Santa Cruz Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial935 
Cañón del Río Yumurí (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial870 
Caverna de Santa Catalina (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial247 
Caverna de Santa Catalina National Monument Terrestrial247 
Cayamas Wildlife Refuge Both7,8325,374
Cayo Alto Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial95 
Cayo Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas Wildlife Refuge Both3,947676
Cayo Campos Wildlife Refuge Both10,09931,786
Cayo Cantiles - Avalo - Rosario National Park Both56,43050,789
Cayo Cruz Wildlife Refuge Marine18,69815,547
Cayo Francés Ecological Reserve Both6,1815,820
Cayo Levisa (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Marine31,51630,837
Cayo Majá - Español de Adentro Wildlife Refuge Both4,9014,058
Cayo Mono Wildlife RefugeIVBoth2,79527
Cayo Rabihorcado Wildlife Refuge Marine183183
Cayo Ratones Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial269 
Cayo Rey Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial919 
Cayo Saetía (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both4,7791,116
Cayos de Ana María Wildlife RefugeIVBoth19,09818,120
Cayos de San Felipe National ParkIIBoth42,93440,855
Cayos de Santa María Wildlife Refuge Both2,5671,020
Centro y Oeste de Cayo Coco Ecological ReserveIIBoth36,38718,248
Centro y Oeste de Cayo Paredón Grande Wildlife Refuge Both1,272524
Cerro Cristal Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial85 
Cerro Daguilla (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial92 
Cerro de Cabras - Guanito Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial2,614 
Cerro Galano Natural Reserve Terrestrial2,986 
Cerro Miraflores Managed Flora Reserve Both7,839477
Cerro San Juan Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial75 
Cerros del Norte de Holguín (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial823 
Cerros Santa Isabel Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial30 
Charrascales de Micara Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial430 
Ciénaga de Lugones Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial1282 
Ciénaga de Zapata National ParkIIBoth420,394136,890
Ciénaga de Zapata Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth647,868129,563
Cinco Leguas Wildlife RefugeIVBoth3,611144
Cojímar Managed Flora Reserve Both10547
Correa Wildlife Refuge Both6,0492,154
Cuabal de Bajurayabo Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial139 
Cuabal de las Minas Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial130 
Cuchillas del Toa Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth201,778 
Cueva de la Imágen (Natural Outstanding Element) Both189
Cueva de La Pluma (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial150 
Cueva de la Santa (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial1 
Cueva de la Vírgen (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial1 
Cueva de Martín (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial44 
Cueva de Martín National Monument Terrestrial44 
Cueva de Tarara (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial  
Culebra Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial278 
Cunagua Wildlife RefugeIVTerrestrial8,228 
Cupey - Guacacoa Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,387 
Delta del Agabama Wildlife Refuge Both8,4773,013
Delta del Cauto Wildlife RefugeIVBoth66,37512,540
Delta del Higuanojo Wildlife Refuge Both85399
Desembarco del Granma National ParkIIBoth32,5766,396
Desembocadura del Río Tana Managed Flora Reserve Both48219
Dos Ríos Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial103 
Dunas de Cayo Guillermo (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial247 
El Coy Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial7,055 
El Gigante (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial694 
El Piñón Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial19 
El Retiro (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)VBoth1,490282
El Salón Ecological ReserveIITerrestrial1,040 
El Venero Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial3,719 
Encinar de Puerta de Golpe Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial268 
Ensenada de Portier - Lamas Protected Area of Managed Resources Both216147
Ensenada de Sibarimar Protected Area of Managed Resources Marine3,0892,847
Escaleras de Jaruco - Tapaste Protected Area of Managed Resources Terrestrial1,290 
Escarpe de San Felipe Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial3,817 
Esparto Managed Flora Reserve Both2,535134
Este de Cayo Largo Ecological ReserveIIBoth71,15168,364
Finca La Caridad Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial10 
Galindo Managed Flora ReserveIVTerrestrial1,003 
Gramales - Caliente - La Pena Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial3,375 
Gran Piedra (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)VTerrestrial3,039 
Guajaibón (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)VTerrestrial177 
Guajimico - Gavilanes (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both1,6241,497
Guanahacabibes National ParkIIBoth39,82615,950
Guanahacabibes Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth153,13649,514
Guanaroca - Gavilanes Wildlife RefugeIVBoth3,0381,377
Guayacán Managed Flora Reserve Both5,301961
Hacienda Las Calabazas Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial358 
Hanabanilla (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)VTerrestrial2,774 
Hatibonico Ecological ReserveIIBoth6,274884
Hornos de Cal (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial50 
Hornos de Cayo Guajaba Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,003 
Humedales de Cayo Romano y Norte de Camagüey Protected Area of Managed Resources Both347,329230,353
Humedales del Norte de Ciego de Avila Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth259,189155,360
Imías Natural Reserve Both2,261689
Isla Josefina (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial6 
Jacán Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial2,517 
Jardines de la Reina National ParkIIBoth21,703619,9472
Jobo Rosado Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVITerrestrial4,181 
Jucaral - Damují (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both1,37947
La Bayamesa National ParkIITerrestrial24,211 
La Cañada Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVITerrestrial765 
La Caoba Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial927 
La Ceja de Melones Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial996 
La Chucha (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial233 
La Coca Ecological ReserveIITerrestrial1,392 
La Españita Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial198 
La Mensura - Pilotos National ParkIITerrestrial8,467 
La Victoria - Yumurí Ecological Reserve Terrestrial6,367 
Laguna de San Felipe Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial21 
Laguna del Cobre - Itabo (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)IVBoth774556
Laguna La Redonda Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial602 
Laguna Larga Managed Flora Reserve Both4,783153
Lanzanillo Pajonal Fragoso Wildlife RefugeIVBoth87,07176,490
Las Loras Wildlife RefugeIVBoth6,3784,737
Las Peladas Natural ReserveIbTerrestrial1,429 
Las Picúas - Cayo del Cristo Wildlife RefugeIVBoth55,97240,250
Lebrige Wildlife RefugeIVTerrestrial950 
Loma de Guanabo (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial192 
Loma del Grillo Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial730 
Loma El Gato Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial763 
Loma Tasajeras (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial248 
Los Caimanes (PR) Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial169 
Los Galeones Wildlife Refuge Marine3,2963,253
Los Indios Ecological ReserveIIBoth5,581184
Los Ocujes Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,252 
Los Paredones - Presa El Punto Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial128 
Los Pretiles Ecological Reserve Both59042
Los Sábalos Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial3,242 
Macambo Managed Flora Reserve Both2,29620
Maisí Ecological Reserve Both8,2072,381
Maisí - Yumurí (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both5,4505
Mameyal Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial1,452 
Manigua Costera Celimar - RíoTarará (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both547
Mariel - Mosquito Wildlife Refuge Marine5,2205,208
Mataguá Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,677 
Maternillo Tortuguilla Ecological ReserveIIBoth8,9675,176
Mil Cumbres Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVITerrestrial17,129 
Mogote de Pico Chico Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial271 
Mogote La Mina (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial70 
Mogotes de Jumagua Ecological ReserveIITerrestrial479 
Monte Barrancas Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial301 
Monte Barreto (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Terrestrial12 
Monte Bisse Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial570 
Monte Cacarrata Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial558 
Monte Caimanes Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial4,153 
Monte Grande Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial3,893 
Monte Micara Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial357 
Monte Naranjito Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial782 
Monte Palmarito Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial657 
Monte Ramonal Managed Flora ReserveIVTerrestrial2,474 
Monte Revacadero Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial422 
Monte Verde Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial2,000 
Motembo Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial756 
Noroeste de Cayo Cruz Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial320 
Nuevas Grandes - La Isleta Ecological Reserve Both10,0911407
Ojo de Agua - Guairajal Wildlife RefugeIVBoth5,330117
Ojo del Mégano (Natural Outstanding Element) Marine451451
Palenque (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial233 
Palmar de Romero Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial191 
Pan de Guajaibón (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial755 
Pan de Matanzas (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial210 
Parnaso - Los Montes Ecological Reserve Terrestrial9,091 
Paso Real Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial90 
Península de Ramón (Protected Natural Land/Seascape) Both1,56640
Peñón de Mota (Natural Outstanding Element) Both5523
Pico Caracas Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial468 
Pico Cristal National ParkIITerrestrial18,537 
Pico Galán Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial437 
Pico Mogote Ecological ReserveIITerrestrial1,493 
Pico Potrerillo Ecological Reserve Terrestrial328 
Pico San Juan Ecological Reserve Terrestrial3,296 
Pinar Calizo (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial684 
Pinar de Montecristo Natural Reserve Terrestrial76 
Pozo Prieto Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,596 
Punta Coco Wildlife Refuge Both1,116525
Punta del Este Ecological ReserveIIBoth9,70934,724
Punta Francés National ParkIIBoth46103002
Puriales Ecological Reserve Terrestrial3012 
Quibiján - Duaba - Yunque de Baracoa Ecological Reserve Terrestrial14,295 
Reserva de San Marcos Natural Reserve Terrestrial254 
Resolladero del río Cuzco (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial200 
Rincón de Guanabo (Protected Natural Land/Seascape)VBoth582507
Río Ariguanabo (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial495 
Río Máximo Wildlife RefugeIVBoth22,58014,560
Rotilla Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial10 
Sabanas de Santa Clara (Cubanacán) Managed Flora ReserveIVTerrestrial7,237 
Saltadero Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial48 
San Miguel de Parada Wildlife Refuge Both297112
San Miguel del Junco Managed Flora Reserve Both5,765281
San Ubaldo - Sabanalamar Managed Flora ReserveIVBoth5,212354
Santa Maria - Los Caimanes National ParkIIBoth28,83128,717
Siboney - Juticí Ecological ReserveIIBoth1,857949
Sierra de Bibanasí Wildlife Refuge Terrestrial3,568 
[[Sierra de Caballos Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial447 
Sierra de Camaján Managed Flora Reserve]] Terrestrial2,106 
Sierra de Contadores Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,517 
Sierra de Guaicanamar Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,868 
Sierra de Guane (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial391 
Sierra de la Canasta (Majagual) Managed Flora ReserveIVTerrestrial5,976 
Sierra de la Guacamaya (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial2,074 
Sierra de las Casas Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial579 
Sierra de Maraguán Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial5,600 
Sierra de San Carlos Ecological Reserve Terrestrial2,852 
Sierra del Chorrillo Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVITerrestrial3,410 
Sierra del Convento Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial1,046 
Sierra del Pesquero - Mesa - Sumidero (Natural Outstanding Element) Terrestrial5,319 
Sierra del Rosario Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVITerrestrial26,686 
Sierra la Güira Natural Reserve Terrestrial1,252 
Sierra Preluda - Cuabales de Cajálbana Natural Reserve Terrestrial1,416 
Silla de Romano Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial2,141 
Sistema Espelo - Lacustre de Zapata (Natural Outstanding Element) Both14,9124,406
Sur de la Isla de la Juventud Protected Area of Managed ResourcesVIBoth131,13941,126
Sureste del Inglés Wildlife Refuge Both9,3188
Tacre Natural Reserve Both23291
Tiscornia Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial6 
Topes de Collantes Protected Area of Managed Resources Terrestrial29,425 
Toscano - Cayo Alfiler Managed Flora Reserve Terrestrial764 
Tres Ceibas de Clavellinas Managed Flora ReserveIVTerrestrial390 
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological ReserveIITerrestrial1,962 
Tunas de Zaza Wildlife RefugeIVBoth6,044732
Turquino National ParkIIBoth22,9242
Valle del Yumuri Protected Area of Managed Resources Both10,815586
Viñales National ParkIITerrestrial11,119 
Voceadero Wildlife Refuge Both516202
Yaguanabo Protected Area of Managed Resources Terrestrial3,904 

caption Map of Cuba. (Source: CIA, CIA World Factbook)

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Further Reading:

  1. World Resources Institute (accessed May 26, 2009)
  2. World Database on Protected Areas (accessed May 26, 2009)

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Protected Areas of Cuba. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/155371

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