Protected areas of Brazil

Source: WDPA
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Protected area highlights for Brazil (January 31, 2008):

 

# of
Areas

Area
km2

 

Total Area of nationally recognized protected areas (% of Brazil's Territorial Area)

1,448

2,536,290

28.9%

- Terrestrial (% of Brazil's Terrestrial Territorial Area)

1,444

2,524,089

29.6%

- Marine and Littoral Protected Area

58

12,201

 

Note that some protected areas include both terrestrial area and marine area

 

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 1,000 km2

-

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 10,000 km2

-

 

 

Wetlands of International importance (Ramsar Sites)

8

64,341

 

UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves

6

1,280,419

 

There are 8 wetlands in Brazil recognized as important under the the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar Convention):

Site NameMarine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectares)
Baixada Maranhense Environmental Protection AreaMarine1,775,036
Ilha do BananalTerrestrial562,312
Lagoa do PeixeBoth34,400
MamirauáTerrestrial1,124,000
Pantanal MatogrossenseTerrestrial135,000
Parque Estadual Marinho do Parcel Manoel Luís incl. the Baixios do Mestre Alvaro and TarolMarine34,556
Reentrancias MaranhensesBoth2,680,911
Reserva Particular do Patrimonio Natural SESC PantanalTerrestrial87,871

Other internationally recognized areas of significance are:

  • Caatinga Biosphere Reserve (198,990 km2) - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve (208,600 km2) - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Cerrado Biosphere Reserve (296,525 km2) - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Espinhaço Range Biosphere Reserve (30,000 km2) - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Mata Atlântica (including Sao Paulo Green Belt) Biosphere Reserve (294,735 km2) - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Pantanal Biosphere Reserve (251,569 km2) - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve
  • Atlantic Forest Southeast Reserves (16,917 km2) - World Heritage Site
  • Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves (1,407 km2) - World Heritage Site
  • Central Amazonian Conservation Complex (60,961 km2) - World Heritage Site
  • Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks (1,974 km2) - World Heritage Site
  • Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves (1,119 km2) - World Heritage Site
  • Iguaçu National Park (1,700 km2) - World Heritage Site
  • Pantanal Conservation Complex (1,878 km2) - World Heritage Site

Two other notable areas are:

The latest World Database on Protected Areas report 1,447 nationally designated protected areas in Brazil (one less than in the summary above). These are listed in accompanying articles accoording to the IUCN Protected Area Management Categories:

caption Map of Brazil. (Source: CIA, The World Factbook)

Return to Protected Area Collection for Latin America and the Caribbean

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Further Reading:

  1. World Resources Institute
  2. World Database on Protected Areas

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Protected areas of Brazil. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/155385

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