Urbanization

Urbanization Rates in Latin America and the Caribbean

Source: CIA

This article provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population in different countries.

The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas (2008 estimates).

The second, rate of urbanization, describes the average rate of change of the size of the urban population over a given period of time. (2005 -2010 estimates).

The World average was estimated to be 48.6% of total population (2005) and increasing at a rate of 1.98% per year

By Region

 Country                                       Urban population                                Rate of
                                                      as a % of whole                              Urbanization
                                                      (2008 estimate)                       (2005-2010 estimate)

North America

  •  Mexico                                           77%                                              1.5%

Central America


  1. Panama                                       73%                                             2.7%
  2. Costa Rica                                   63%                                            2.3%
  3. El Salvador                                  61%                                             1.9%
  4. Nicaragua                                    57%                                             1.8%
  5. Belize                                            52%                                             3.1%
  6. Guatemala                                  49%                                             3.4%
  7. Honduras                                    48%                                             2.9%

Caribbean

  1. Anguilla                                           100%                                        1.4%
  2. Bermuda                                         100%                                        0.3%
  3. Cayman Islands                            100%                                        1.5%
  4. Puerto Rico                                       98%                                        0.8%
  5. United States Virgin Islands          95%                                        0.2%
  6. Netherlands Antilles                       93%                                         1.6%
  7. Turks and Caicos Islands             92%                                         2.2%
  8. Bahamas, The                                 84%                                         1.4%
  9. Cuba                                                  76%                                         0%
  10. Dominica                                          74%                                          0.2%
  11. Dominican Republic                      69%                                          2.6%
  12. Jamaica                                            53%                                          0.9%
  13. Aruba                                                 47%                                          0.1%
  14. Haiti                                                   47%                                          4.5%
  15. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 47%                                       1.3%
  16. Barbados                                         40%                                          1.5%
  17. British Virgin Islands                     40%                                          1.7%
  18. Saint Kitts and Nevis                     32%                                          1.4%
  19. Grenada                                           31%                                          0.3%
  20. Antigua and Barbuda                     30%                                          0.9%
  21. Saint Lucia                                       28%                                          1.4%
  22. Montserrat                                        14%                                          2.2%
  23. Trinidad and Tobago                     13%                                          2.9%

South America


  1. Venezuela                                       93%                                            2%
  2. Argentina                                         92%                                            1.2%
  3. Uruguay                                           92%                                            0.4%
  4. Chile                                                88%                                             1.3%
  5. Brazil                                                86%                                             1.8%
  6. Suriname                                        75%                                             1%
  7. Colombia                                        74%                                             1.7%
  8. Peru                                                 71%                                             1.3%
  9. Bolivia                                              66%                                             2.5%
  10. Ecuador                                           66%                                             2.1%
  11. Paraguay                                         60%                                             2.8%
  12. Guyana                                            28%                                             0%

Combined

Country                                       Urban population                                Rate of
                                                      as a % of whole                              Urbanization
                                                      (2008 estimate)                       (2005-2010 estimate)

  1. Anguilla                                   100%                                                  1.4%
  2. Antigua and Barbuda              30%                                                 0.9%
  3. Argentina                                    92%                                                1.2%
  4. Aruba                                           47%                                                0.1%
  5. Bahamas, The                           84%                                               1.4%
  6. Barbados                                     40%                                              1.5%
  7. Belize                                            52%                                              3.1%
  8. Bermuda                                    100%                                              0.3%
  9. Bolivia                                           66%                                              2.5%
  10. Brazil                                             86%                                              1.8%
  11. British Virgin Islands                  40%                                             1.7%
  12. Cayman Islands                        100%                                              1.5%
  13. Chile                                               88%                                             1.3%
  14. Colombia                                       74%                                             1.7%
  15. Costa Rica                                     63%                                             2.3%
  16. Cuba                                               76%                                              0%
  17. Dominica                                       74%                                               0.2%
  18. Dominican Republic                   69%                                               2.6%
  19. Ecuador                                         66%                                               2.1%
  20. El Salvador                                   61%                                               1.9%
  21. Grenada                                        31%                                               0.3%
  22. Guatemala                                    49%                                               3.4%
  23. Guyana                                           28%                                               0%
  24. Haiti                                                 47%                                               4.5%
  25. Honduras                                       48%                                               2.9%
  26. Jamaica                                          53%                                              0.9%
  27. Mexico                                           77%                                              1.5%
  28. Montserrat                                   14%                                               2.2%
  29. Netherlands Antilles                  93%                                               1.6%
  30. Nicaragua                                    57%                                               1.8%
  31. Panama                                       73%                                               2.7%
  32. Paraguay                                     60%                                               2.8%
  33. Peru                                              71%                                               1.3%
  34. Puerto Rico                                  98%                                               0.8%
  35. Saint Kitts and Nevis                  32%                                               1.4%
  36. Saint Lucia                                   28%                                               1.4%
  37. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 47%                                        1.3%
  38. Suriname                                        75%                                            1%
  39. Trinidad and Tobago                     13%                                             - 2.9%
  40. Turks and Caicos Islands           92%                                             2.2%
  41. Uruguay                                          92%                                            0.4%
  42. Venezuela                                      93%                                            2%
  43. United States Virgin Islands      95%                                            0.2%

 

 Further Reading:

  1. CIA World factbook

 

Return to the Latin America and the Caribbean Collection 

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Urbanization Rates in Latin America and the Caribbean. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/156807

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