Environmental Anthropology

Atlantic period

May 31, 2012, 5:35 pm
Content Cover Image

European Middle Neolithic, a flourishing of culture c.4000 BC. Source: Creative Commons

The Atlantic period is a post-Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) European climate regime. This refers to the period from about 6,000-3,000 BC that spans most of the warmest postglacial times. It is also known as the Postglacial Climatic Optimum.

This article is written at a definitional level only. Authors wishing to expand this entry are inivited to expand the present treatment, which additions will be peer reviewed prior to publication of any expansion.

It was preceded by the Boreal period and followed by the Sub-Boreal period. 

The Atlantic period is also part of the current geological epoch known as Holocene which began about 11,700 years ago (~9700BC) and continues up to the present.

Divisions of the Holocene

The principal divisions of the Holocene are:

Further Reading

  • Jonas Christensen (2004). Warfare in the European Neolithic. Acta Archaeologica 75 (142,144, 136): 129.
  • Grahame Clark and Stuart Piggott (1967). Prehistoric Societies. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0140211497.
  • Hilda Ellis Davidson (1998). Roles of the Northern Goddess. Routledge. ISBN 0415136105.
  • Robert W.Ehrich, Editor (1965). Chronologies in Old World Archaeology. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226194450.
  • Marija Gimbutas (1982). The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe 6500–3500 BC: Myths and Cult Images. Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 27. ISBN 0520046552.
  • Jacquetta Hawkes (1965). Prehistory. New York: the New American Library (a Mentor Book).
  • Frank Hibben (1958). Prehistoric Man in Europe. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • E.O.James (1994). The Cult of the Mother-Goddess. New York: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 1-56619-600-0
  • Robert Kertész (2002). Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Northwestern Part of the Great Hungarian Plain. Praehistoria 3.
  • J.P.Mallory (1997). Linear Band Ware Culture. Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture.
  • Fitzroy Dearborn and Arkadiusz Marciniak (2005). Placing Animals in the Neolithic: Social Zooarchaeology of Prehistoric Farming Communities. Routledge Cavendish. ISBN 1844720926.
  • Physical Oceanography Index
  • H. H. Lamb. Climatic History and the Future. Princeton Univ. Press, 1985. p. 372.


(2012). Atlantic period. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbecfd7896bb431f68efee


To add a comment, please Log In.