|This article is written at a definitional level only. Authors wishing to improve this entry are inivited to expand the present treatment, which additions will be peer reviewed prior to publication of any expansion.|
Biological oceanography is the study of life in the seas and oceans and how the physical and chemical properties of the ocean are influenced by marine life. The fundamental goal is to examine the distribution, abundance, and production of marine species and to obtain a basic understanding of the processes controlling them. Compare to chemical, geological and physical oceanography.
- Physical Oceanography Index
- K. H. Mann and J. R. N. Lazier. Dynamics of Marine Ecosystems: Biological–Physical Interactions in the Oceans (2nd Ed.). Blackwell, 1996.
- T. R. Parsons, M. Takahashi, and B. Hargrave. Biological Oceanographic Processes (3rd Ed.). Pergamon, 1984.
- R. S. K. Barnes and K. H. Mann, editors. Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecosystems. Blackwell, 1980. A set of reviews aimed at an introductory level.
- J. W. Day, C. A. S. Hall, W. M. Kemp, and A. Y´a˜nez-Arancibia. Estuarine Ecology. Wiley, 1989. An introduction to the physics, chemistry and biology of estuaries.
- P. G. Falkowski, editor. Primary Productivity in the Sea. Plenum Press, 1980. A collection of review articles
- P. G. Falkowski and A. D. Woodhead, editors. Primary Productivity and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Sea. Plenum Press, 1992. A collection of review articles.
- K. H. Mann. Ecology of Coastal Waters: A Systems Approach. Univ. of California Press, 1982. An overview of biological oceanographic processes.
- I. Morris, editor. The Physiological Ecology of Phytoplankton. Blackwell, 1980. A collection of reviews.
- I. Valiella. Marine Ecological Processes. Springer–Verlag, 1984. A summary with particular emphasis on salt marshes, seagrasses, carbon and nitrogen cycles.
- Eric L. Mills. Biological Oceanography: An Early History, 1870–1960. Cornell Univ. Press, 1989.