Oceans and seas

Common coral reef fishes of Haiti

Content Cover Image

A yellow trumpet fish (Aulostomus chinensis), photographed near Nha Trang, Vietnam (By Dfmalan (Own work) [CC-BY-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Introduction 

Haiti is a country located on the western side of island of Hispaniola, while the Dominican Republic occupies the eastern side. Hispaniola is part of the group of islands known as the Greater Antilles. Over 95 species of reef fishes have been identified during  limited number of REEF Fish Surveys in Haiti.

25 most common species in Haiti

caption Bluehead—the most frequently observed and the reef fish with the highest average abundance in Haiti. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The following ranking is based on the results only 9 REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 8 hours and 52 minutes. (REEF Geographic Zone Report, May 30, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

 

 

Species

% of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Bluehead

 88.9

 many

 2. Trumpetfish

 77.8

 single-few

 3. Dusky damselfish

 66.7

 many

 4. Ocean surgeonfish

 66.7

 many

 5. Barred hamlet

 66.7

 few

 6. Spotted goatfish

 66.7

 few-many

 7. Blue tang

 66.7

 few-many

 8. Yellowhead wrasse

 66.7

 few

 9. Stooplight parrotfish

 66.7

 few-many

 10. Redband parrotfish

 55.6

 few

 11. Sergeant major

 55.6

 few

 12. Yellowtail snapper 

 55.6

 few

 13. Slippery dick

 55.6

 single-few

 14. Cocoa damselfish

 55.6

 few

 15. Blue chromis

 55.6

 few

 16. Fairy basslet

 55.6

 few-many

 17. Bar jack

 55.6

 many

 18. Striped parrotfish 

 55.6

 many

 19. Yellowtail damselfish

 55.6

 single-few

 20.  Black hamlet

 55.6

 few-many

 21.  Sharpnose puffer

 55.6

 few

 22.  Indigo hamlet

 44.4

 single-few

 23. Spanish hogfish 

 44.4

 single-few

 24. Blackbar soldierfish

 44.4

 single-few

 25.  Puddingwife

 44.4

 single-few

References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2014). Common coral reef fishes of Haiti. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbed4d7896bb431f691375

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