Encyclopedia of Earth

Common coral reef fishes of Providenciales

Content Cover Image

Bluehead wrasse fish (thalassoma bifasciatum) (By Randall McNeely [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons)

Introduction 

Providenciales, often known as Provo, is one of the  Turks and Caicos Islands in the West Indies.  Over 220 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in Providenciales.

25 most common species in Providenciales

caption Blue tang—the most frequently observed reef fishes in Providenciales. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The following ranking is based on the results of 300  REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 299 hours and 59 minutes. (REEF Geographic Zone Report.  Provo-Grace Bay  June 3, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

 

Species

 % of surveys observed 

 Mean abundance category

 1. Blue tang

 92.7

 few-many

 2. Bluehead

 88.0

 many

 3. Foureye butterflyfish

 88.0

 few

 4. Yellowtail snapper

 86.3

 many

 5. Stoplight parrotfish 

 86.3

 few-many

 6. Blue chromis

 82.7

 many-abundant

 7. Fairy basslet

 81.0

 few-many

 8. Black durgon    

 80.0

 few-many

 9. Rock beauty

 79.3

 few

 10. Nassau grouper  

 77.3

 single-few

 11. Bicolor damselfish

 77.3

 few-many

 12. Bar jack

 76.0

 few-many

 13. French grunt

 72.3

 few

 14. Longspine squirrelfish

 70.0

 few-many

 15. Coney

 69.3

 few

 16. Yellowtail damselfish   

 67.0

 few

 17. Redband parrotfish

 65.0

 few

 18. Princess parrotfish 

 64.7

 few

 19. Bluestriped grunt

 63.7

 few

 20. Trumpetfish

 63.3

 single-few

 21.  Yellowhead wrasse 

 63.0

 few-many

 22.  Queen parrotfish 

 62.9

 few

 23. Ocean surgeonfish 

 62.0

 few

 24. Banded butterflyfish

 61.0

 few

 25.  Schoolmaster

 60.3

 few-many

 

References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2014). Common coral reef fishes of Providenciales. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbed4d7896bb431f6913c0

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