Oceans and seas

Common coral reef fishes of San Salvador

Content Cover Image

Blue tang (Paracanthurus hepatus) (By Tewy (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC-BY-2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Introduction 

San Salvador is an island in the  Bahamas in the West Indies.  Over 260 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in San Salvador.

25 most common species in San Salvador

caption Blue tang—the most frequently observed reef fish in San Salvador. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The following ranking is based on the results of 347  REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 367 hours and 30 minutes. (REEF Geographic Zone Report. June 4, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals. 

 

 

 

caption Blue chromis—the reef fish with the highest mean abundance in San Salvador. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

 

 

 

Species

% of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Blue tang

 89.6

 few-many

 2. Stoplight parrotfish

 89.0

 few-many

 3. Bluehead

 85.6

 many

 4. Fairy basslet

 82.1

 many

 5. Blue chromis

 79.0

 many

 6. Black durgon

 70.6

 few-many

 7. Bar jack

 69.7

 few

 8. Queen parrotfish

 69.2

 few

 9. Bicolor damselfish 

 68.6

 many

 10. Banded butterflyfish 

 66.3

 single-few

 11. Coney 

 62.5

 few

 12. Schoolmaster

 61.7

 few

 13. Foureye butterflyfish

 61.1

 single-few

 14. Nassau grouper

 60.8

 single-few

 15. Squirrelfish 

 56.8

 few

 16. Spanish hogfish

 53.6

 few

 17. Yellowtail snapper 

 52.7

 few

 18. Yellow goatfish

 52.2

 few-many

 19. Yellowhead wrasse

 51.6

 few-many

 20. Creole wrasse   

 51.3

 many

 21.  Princess parrotfish  

 50.7

 few

 22.  Ocean surgeonfish

 48.1

 few

 23. Great barracuda   

 47.8

 single-few

 24. Bluestriped grunt

 46.7

 few

 25.  Tiger grouper

 46.4

 single-few

References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2014). Common coral reef fishes of San Salvador. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbed4e7896bb431f6913ec

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