Oceans and seas

Common coral reef fishes of St. Vincent

Content Cover Image

Spotted goatfish. Photo by Laurent Charpin. reefguide.org

Introduction 

St. Vincent is the largest island in St. Vincent and the Grenadines located in the eastern Caribbean Sea, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago. Over 320 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in St. Vincent.

25 most common species in St. Vincent

caption Brown Chromis—the most frequently observed and reef fish with the highest mean abundance in St. Vincent. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The following ranking is based on the results of  1667 REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 2329 hours and 35 minutes. (REEF Gopgraphic Zone Report, May 30, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

 

Species

% of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Brown chromis

 91.3

 many-abundant

 2. Bicolor damselfish 

 90.4

 many-abundant

 3. Banded butterflyfish

 89.4

 few

 4. Spotted goatfish

 88.4

 few-many

 5. Bluehead 

 87.5

 many

 6. Ocean surgeonfish

 86.3

 few-many

 7. Yellowhead wrasse

 85.9

 many

 8. Yellow goatfish

 84.8

 few-many

 9. Trumpetfish 

 84.2

 few

 10. French grunt

 84.2

 few-many

 11. Blackbar soldierfish

 84.0

 many

 12. Sharpnose puffer 

 82.9

 few

 13. Sergeant major

 82.2

 few-many

 14. Smooth trunkfish

 81.9

 few

 15. Harlequin bass 

 81.6

 few

 16. Redband parrotfish 

 81.3

 few-many

 17. Coney

 79.7

 few

 18. Smallmouth grunt

 76.0

 few-many

 19. Princess parrotfish

 75.0

 few-many

 20.  Yellowtail damselfsh

 74.6

 few-many

 21.  Mahogany snapper

 74.1

 few-many

 22.  Blue tang

 71.4

 few

 23. Graysby

 70.1

 few

 24. Spotted moray  

 69.9

 single-few

 25.  Rock beauty

 67.8

 few

References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2014). Common coral reef fishes of St. Vincent. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbed4e7896bb431f691432

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