Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis (full report)

This is a report of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

Synthesis Team Co-chairs:  Anantha Kumar Duraiappah, Shahid Naeem

Synthesis Team Members: Tundi Agardy, Neville J. Ash, H. David Cooper, Sandra Díaz, Daniel P. Faith, Georgina Mace, Jeffrey A. McNeely, Harold A. Mooney, Alfred A. Oteng-Yeboah, Henrique Miguel Pereira, Stephen Polasky, Christian Prip, Walter V. Reid, Cristián Samper, Peter Johan Schei, Robert Scholes, Frederik Schutyser, Albert van Jaarsveld

Extended Writing Team: MA Coordinating Lead Authors, Lead Authors, Contributing Authors, and Sub-global Assessment Coordinators

Review Editors: José Sarukhán and Anne Whyte (co-chairs) and MA Board of Review Editors


Published: 2005, World Resources Institute
PDF Version: Download


Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Panel

Harold A. Mooney (co-chair), Stanford University, United States
Angela Cropper (co-chair), The Cropper Foundation, Trinidad and Tobago
Doris Capistrano, Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia
Stephen R. Carpenter, University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States
Kanchan Chopra, Institute of Economic Growth, India
Partha Dasgupta, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Rik Leemans, Wageningen University, Netherlands
Robert M. May, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Prabhu Pingali, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy
Rashid Hassan, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Cristián Samper, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, United States
Robert Scholes, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa
Robert T. Watson, The World Bank, United States (ex officio)
A. H. Zakri, United Nations University, Japan (ex officio)
Zhao Shidong, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Editorial Board Chairs
José Sarukhán, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
Anne Whyte, Mestor Associates Ltd., Canada

MA Director
Walter V. Reid, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Malaysia and United States Millennium Ecosystem


Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board
The MA Board represents the users of the findings of the MA process.

Robert T. Watson, Chief Scientist, The World Bank
A.H. Zakri, Director, Institute of Advanced Studies, United Nations University

Institutional Representatives
Salvatore Arico, Programme Officer, Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Peter Bridgewater, Secretary General, Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Hama Arba Diallo, Executive Secretary, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Adel El-Beltagy, Director General, International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Max Finlayson, Chair, Scientific and Technical Review Panel, Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Colin Galbraith, Chair, Scientific Council, Convention on Migratory Species
Erika Harms, Senior Program Officer for Biodiversity, United Nations Foundation
Robert Hepworth, Acting Executive Secretary, Convention on Migratory Species
Olav Kjørven, Director, Energy and Environment Group, United Nations Development Programme
Kerstin Leitner, Assistant Director-General, Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments, World Health Organization
Alfred Oteng-Yeboah, Chair, Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice, Convention on Biological Diversity
Christian Prip, Chair, Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice, Convention on Biological Diversity
Mario A. Ramos, Biodiversity Program Manager, Global Environment Facility
Thomas Rosswall, Executive Director, International Council for Science - ICSU
Achim Steiner, Director General, IUCN - The World Conservation Union
Halldor Thorgeirsson, Coordinator, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Klaus Töpfer, Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme
Jeff Tschirley, Chief, Environmental and Natural Resources Service, Research, Extension and Training Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Riccardo Valentini, Chair, Committee on Science and Technology, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Hamdallah Zedan, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity

At-large Members
Fernando Almeida, Executive President, Business Council for Sustainable Development-Brazil
Phoebe Barnard, Global Invasive Species Programme, South Africa
Gordana Beltram, Undersecretary, Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning, Slovenia
Delmar Blasco, Former Secretary General, Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, Spain
Antony Burgmans, Chairman, Unilever N.V., Netherlands
Esther Camac-Ramirez, Asociación Ixä Ca Vaá de Desarrollo e Información Indigena, Costa Rica
Angela Cropper (ex officio), President, The Cropper Foundation, Trinidad and Tobago
Partha Dasgupta, Professor, Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
José María Figueres, Fundación Costa Rica para el Desarrollo Sostenible, Costa Rica
Fred Fortier, Indigenous Peoples’ Biodiversity Information Network, Canada
Mohamed H.A. Hassan, Executive Director, Third World Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, Italy
Jonathan Lash, President, World Resources Institute, United States
Wangari Maathai, Vice Minister for Environment, Kenya
Paul Maro, Professor, Department of Geography, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Harold A. Mooney (ex officio), Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, United States
Marina Motovilova, Faculty of Geography, Laboratory of Moscow Region, Russia
M.K. Prasad, Environment Centre of the Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad, India
Walter V. Reid, Director, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Malaysia and United States
Henry Schacht, Past Chairman of the Board, Lucent Technologies, United States
Peter Johan Schei, Director, The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway
Ismail Serageldin, President, Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt
David Suzuki, Chair, David Suzuki Foundation, Canada
M.S. Swaminathan, Chairman, MS Swaminathan Research Foundation, India
José Galízia Tundisi, President, International Institute of Ecology, Brazil
Axel Wenblad, Vice President Environmental Affairs, Skanska AB, Sweden
Xu Guanhua, Minister, Ministry of Science and Technology, China
Muhammad Yunus, Managing Director, Grameen Bank, Bangladesh

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