Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Health Synthesis (full report)

September 6, 2011, 12:04 pm
Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
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Published: 2005, World Resources Institute
PDF Version: Download

Core Writing Team:  Carlos Corvalan, Simon Hales, Anthony McMichael

Extended Writing Team: Colin Butler, Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, Ulisses Confalonieri, Kerstin Leitner, Nancy Lewis, Jonathan Patz, Karen Polson, Joel Scheraga, Alistair Woodward, Maged Younes and many MA authors.

Review Editors: José Sarukhán and Anne Whyte (co-chairs); Philip Weinstein and other members of the MA Board of Review Editors.

  • Foreword
  • Reader’s Guide
  • Summary for Decision-Makers
  • Key Health Questions in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

    1. Why do ecosystems matter to human health?
      1. Introduction
      2. Current state of ecosystems and associated human health status
    2. How have ecosystems changed and what are the health implications?
    3. How might ecosystems change and what would be the health implications?
      1. Critical drivers and other factors affecting future changes to health
      2. Plausible future changes in ecosystems and the health effects in different sectors and regions
      3. Possible thresholds, regime shifts or irreversible changes
    4. What actions are required to address the health consequences of ecosystem change?
      1. Reducing vulnerability
      2. The Millennium Development Goals
    5. How can priorities be established for actions to address the health consequences of ecosystem change?
      1. What considerations are important when setting priorities and what is science's role in informing decisions?
      2. How can we measure the size and distribution of the health effects of ecosystem change?
      3. What kinds of intervention options are available?
      4. How should priorities for these options be established?
      5. How can stakeholders and policy-makers be involved?
      6. How does uncertainty affect priority-setting?
    6. What are the policy implications of the most robust findings and key uncertainties?
      1. Policy implications of the most robust findings
      2. Policy implications of key uncertainties
  • Appendix A.

  • Appendix B.


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Disclaimer: This chapter is taken wholly from, or contains information that was originally written for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as published by the World Health Organization. The content has not been modified by the Encyclopedia of Earth.



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