Northern Eastside Terraces (Bailey)

Source: USFS
This subsection is on terraces along the eastern edge of the Sacramento Valley that are adjacent to the Southern Cascade Ranges.  It is hot and subhumid.  MLRA 17d.
caption Subsection 262Ab, near Chico (James R. Nelson)

Lithology and Stratigraphy

This subsection contains Pleistocene and recent alluvium from volcanic rock sources.

caption Subsection 262Ab, Valley grassland (James R. Nelson)

Geomorphology

This subsection is on very gently sloping to sloping terraces and small areas of floodplain and alluvial fans along streams that cross from mountains of the Southern Cascade Ranges to reach the Sacramento River.  The subsection elevation range is from 200 to about 600 feet.  Fluvial erosion is the main geomorphic process.

Soils

The soils are mostly Typic Durixeralfs and Mollic Haploxeralfs.  The soils are well drained.  Bicarbonate weathering and leaching and accumulation of clay and silica in subsoils are the main pedogenic processes in the terrace soils.  The soil temperature regimes are thermic.  Soil moisture regimes are xeric.

Vegetation

The predominant natural plant communities are Needlegrass grasslands, and Northern claypan vernal pools are common.

Characteristic series by lifeform include:

    Grasslands: California annual grassland series, Purple needlegrass series.
    Vernal pools: Northern volcanic mudflow  vernal pools.
    Forests and woodlands:  California sycamore series.

Climate

The mean annual precipitation is about 18 to 25 inches.  It is practically all rain.  Mean annual temperature is about 58° to 60°  F.  The mean freeze-free period is about 250 to 275 days.

Surface Water

Streams in this subsection drain to the Sacramento River.   All but the larger streams are generally dry during the summer.  There are no lakes, but there is temporary ponding in vernal pools on Pleistocene terraces.

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Northern Eastside Terraces (Bailey). Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbee887896bb431f69888e

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