Content Cover Image

caption Harp seal. Source: NOAA
Conservation Status

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Anamalia (Animals)
Phylum:--- Chordata
Class:------ Mammalia (Mammals)
Order:-------- Carnivora (Carnivores)
Family:-------- Phocidae (True Seals)
Genus:--------- Pagophilus
Species:--------1 species

Pagophilus is a genus of a single species (a “monotypic” genus) within the true seal family of nineteen species: the Harp seal.

Together with the families of Eared seals and Walruses, True seals form the group of marine mammals known as pinnipeds.

The Harp seal is named after the dark harp shaped mark that is displayed on the animal's back.

caption Harp Seal from "The Fisheries and Fisheries Industries of the United States", by George Brown Goode (1887). Source: NOAA

For details: see Harp seal.

Further Reading

  1. Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777) Encyclopedia of Life (accessed July 19, 2010)
  2. Pagophilus groenlandicus,  Stiles, S., 2001, Animal Diversity Web (accessed July 19, 2010)
  3. Harp Seal, Seal Conservation Society (accessed July 19, 2010)
  4. Pagophilus groenlandicus, IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (accessed July 19, 2010)
  5. The Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses, Marianne Riedman, University of California Press, 1991 ISBN: 0520064984
  6. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Bernd Wursig, Academic Press, 2002 ISBN: 0125513402
  7. Marine Mammal Research: Conservation beyond Crisis, edited by John E. Reynolds III, William F. Perrin, Randall R. Reeves, Suzanne Montgomery and Timothy J. Ragen, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005 ISBN: 0801882559
  8. Walker's Mammals of the World, Ronald M. Nowak, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999 ISBN: 0801857899
  9. Harp Seal, (accessed July 19, 2010)




Life, E. (2014). Pagophilus. Retrieved from


To add a comment, please Log In.