Protected areas of Chile

Source: WDPA
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 Protected area highlights for Chile (includes Easter Island) (January 31, 2008):

 

# of
Areas

Area
km2

 

Total Area of nationally recognized protected areas (% of Chile's Territorial Area)

106

143,114

14.0%

    Terrestrial (% of Chile's Terrestrial Territorial Area)

102

142,345

18.8%

    Marine and Littoral Protected Area

9

770

 

  Note that some protected areas include both terrestrial area and marine area

 

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 1,000 km2

20

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 10,000 km2

5

 

 

Wetlands of International importance (Ramsar Sites)

9

1,592

 

UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves

8

73,791

 


There are nine wetlands in Chile recognized as important under the the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar Convention):

Site NameMarine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectare)
Total
Marine
Area
(hectares)
Bahía LomasBoth58,94658,946
Carlos Anwandter SanctuaryBoth4,8774,877
Humedal el YaliBoth520 
Laguna del Negro Francisco y Laguna Santa RosaTerrestrial62,460 
Salar de SurireTerrestrial15,858 
Salar de TaraMarine5,443 
Salar del HuascoMarine6,000 
Santuario de la Naturaleza Laguna ConchalíBoth3434
Sistema hidrológico de SoncorMarine5,016 

Other internationally recognized areas of significance are eight UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves:

  • Cabo de Hornos Biosphere Reserve - (49,000 km2, 3,000 marine)
  • Laguna San Rafael Biosphere Reserve -(17,420 km2)
  • Parque Nacional Fray Jorge Biosphere Reserve - (735 km2)
  • Parque Nacional Juan Fernández Biosphere Reserve - (100 km2)
  • Parque Nacional Torres del Paine Biosphere Reserve - (1,844 km2)
  • Reserva de la Biósfera Araucarias Biosphere Reserve - (938 km2)
  • Reserva de la Biósfera La Campana-Peñuelas Biosphere Reserve - (171 km2)
  • Reserva Nacional Lauca Biosphere Reserve - (3,583 km2)

The latest World Database on Protected Areas reports 212 nationally recognized protected areas in Chile (106 more than the summary above):

Site NameIUCN
Designation
Marine or TerrestrialTotal
Area
(hectares)
Total
Marine
Area
(hectares)
Alacalufes (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial2,313,875 
Alberto de Agostini (National Park)IITerrestrial1,460,000 
Alerce Andino (National Park)IITerrestrial39,255 
Alerce CosteroIIITerrestrial2,308 
Alicahue-Terrestrial  
Alto Bío-Bío (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial35,000 
Altos de Cantillana-Terrestrial  
Altos de Escuadrón-Terrestrial  
Altos de Vilches-Terrestrial  
Altos del Lircay (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial12,163 
Archipiélago de Juan Fernández (National Park)-Both9,5714,801
Archipiélagos Guapiquilán y Esmeralda-Terrestrial  
Bahía Lomas-Terrestrial  
Bahía Mansa-Marine320 
Bernardo O'Higgins (National Park)IITerrestrial3,525,901 
Bosque de Fray Jorge (National Park)IITerrestrial9,959 
Bosque de Quintero-Terrestrial  
Bullileo-Terrestrial  
Cabo de Hornos (National Park)IITerrestrial63,093 
Cajón de la Leona-Terrestrial  
Cajón del río Teno-Terrestrial  
Cajón del río Tinguiririca-Terrestrial  
Caldera-Marine300 
Caleta Camarones-Terrestrial500 
Caleta Ñagué-Terrestrial  
Caleta Obispito-Terrestrial  
Carrizal Bajo-Terrestrial2,000 
Centro-Sur Isla de Tierra del Fuego-Terrestrial  
Cerro Castillo (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial138,000 
Cerro Cayumanque-Terrestrial2,000 
Cerro La Gloria-Terrestrial  
Cerro ÑielolIIITerrestrial90 
Cerro Santa Inés-Terrestrial  
Cerro Tabaco-Terrestrial  
Cerros de El Tatio-Terrestrial  
Chepical-Terrestrial  
Chicauma-Terrestrial  
Chiloé (National Park)IITerrestrial43,057 
China Muerta (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial9,887 
Cinco HermanasIIITerrestrial228 
Ciudad de Coquimbo-Terrestrial  
Condoriaco-Terrestrial  
Conguillío (National Park)IITerrestrial60,832 
ContulmoIIITerrestrial82 
Cordillera Pelada-Terrestrial45,000 
CoyhaiqueIVTerrestrial2,150 
Cudicó-Terrestrial  
Cuenca Superior del Río Loa-Terrestrial  
Cuesta de Pajonales-Terrestrial  
Cuesta El Melón-Terrestrial  
Cueva del MilodonIIITerrestrial189 
Desembocadura del Río Lluta-Terrestrial  
Desembocadura del Río Loa-Terrestrial500 
Dos LagunasIIITerrestrial181 
El Junquillar-Terrestrial  
El MoradoIIITerrestrial3,009 
El Volcán-Terrestrial  
El Yali (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial2,080 
Estero El Toro-Terrestrial  
Estero El Yali-Terrestrial  
Farellones-Terrestrial  
Federico Albert (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial145 
Francisco Coloane-Both67,19767,197
Fundo Huenchún-Terrestrial  
Fundo Las Brisas-Terrestrial  
Fundo Los Alpes-Terrestrial  
Fundo María Esther-Terrestrial  
Futaleufú (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial12,065 
Guanta-Terrestrial  
Hornillos-Terrestrial  
Hornopirén (National Park)IITerrestrial48,232 
Hornopirén extension (National Park)-Terrestrial  
Huerquehue (National Park)IITerrestrial12,500 
Isla CachaguaIIITerrestrial5 
Isla Contramaestre-Terrestrial  
Isla Diego Ramírez-Terrestrial  
Isla Guafo-Terrestrial  
Isla GuamblinIITerrestrial10,625 
Isla Ildefonso-Terrestrial  
Isla Magdalena (National Park)IITerrestrial157,616 
Isla Mocha (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial2,368 
Islas Desventuradas-Terrestrial  
Islotes de PuñihulIIITerrestrial9 
Kampenaiquén-Terrestrial  
Katalalixar (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial674,500 
La Campana (National Park)IITerrestrial8,000 
La Campana extension (National Park)-Terrestrial  
La Chimba (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial2,583 
La Estrella-Terrestrial  
La PortadaIIITerrestrial31 
La RinconadaVMarine338338
Lago Budi-Terrestrial5,200 
Lago Carlota (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial27,110 
Lago Cochrane (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial8,361 
Lago de Valeriano-Terrestrial  
Lago Galletué (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial107,540 
Lago Jeinimeni (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial161,610 
Lago Las Torres (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial16,516 
Lago Palena (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial41,356 
Lago Peñuelas (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial9,260 
Lago Pirehueico-Terrestrial  
Lago Rosselot (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial12,725 
Laguna Aculeo-Terrestrial  
Laguna de Batuco-Terrestrial  
Laguna de los CisnesIIITerrestrial25 
Laguna de Mantagua-Terrestrial  
Laguna de Maule-Terrestrial16,800 
Laguna del Laja (National Park)IITerrestrial11,600 
Laguna del Negro Francisco-Terrestrial3,000 
Laguna Parrillar (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial18,814 
Laguna San Rafael (National Park)IITerrestrial1,742,000 
Laguna Suarez-Terrestrial  
Laguna Torca (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial604 
Laguna Verde-Terrestrial  
Lagunas Grande y Chica-Terrestrial  
Lahuen-ÑadiIIITerrestrial200 
Las Chinchillas (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial4,229 
Las Guaitecas (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial1,097,975 
Las Juntas del Río Copiapó-Terrestrial  
Las Palmas de Cocalán (National Park)IITerrestrial3,709 
Las Vicuñas (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial209,131 
Las Vicuñas extension (National Reserve)-Terrestrial  
Lastarria-Terrestrial  
Lauca (National Park)IITerrestrial137,883 
Lauca extension (National Park)-Terrestrial  
Licancabur (National Park)-Terrestrial173,000 
Llanos de Challe (National Park)IITerrestrial45,708 
Llanos de Challe y Carrizal-Terrestrial  
Llanos de la Travesía-Terrestrial  
Llanquihue (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial33,972 
Llolleo-Terrestrial  
Llullaillaco (National Park)IITerrestrial268,671 
Los Bellotos del Melado (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial417 
Los Flamencos (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial73,987 
Los flamencos extension (National Reserve)-Terrestrial  
Los Huemules de Niblinto (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial2,021 
Los PingüinosIIITerrestrial97 
Los Queules (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial147 
Los Ruiles (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial45 
Magallanes (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial13,500 
Malalcahuello (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial17,530 
Malleco (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial16,625 
Mialqui-Terrestrial  
Mocho-Choshuenco (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial7,537 
Monte Patria-Terrestrial  
Monteverde-Terrestrial  
NahuelbutaIITerrestrial6,832 
Nalcas (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial13,775 
Nevado de Tres Cruces (National Park)IITerrestrial59,082 
Nevados de Chillán-Terrestrial3,000 
Ñuble (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial55,948 
Pali-Aike (National Park)IITerrestrial5,000 
Palo Colorado-Terrestrial  
Pampa del Tamarugal (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial102,264 
Pan de Azúcar (National Park)IITerrestrial43,754 
Paposo-Terrestrial300,000 
Parque Inglés-Terrestrial  
Pedegua-Terrestrial  
Peñaflor-Terrestrial  
Península de Huequi-Terrestrial  
Península de Mejillones-Terrestrial2,500 
PichascaIIITerrestrial128 
Pingüino de Humboldt (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial1,718 
Puente Pancho-Terrestrial  
Punta Lengua de Vaca-Terrestrial  
Punta Teatinos-Terrestrial  
Puyehue (National Park)IITerrestrial107,000 
Quebrada Caramavida-Terrestrial  
Quebrada de Azapa-Terrestrial  
Quebrada de Córdoba-Terrestrial  
Quebrada de Lluta-Terrestrial  
Quebrada de Manzanito-Terrestrial  
Quebrada El Tigre-Terrestrial  
Quebrada Flamenco-Terrestrial  
Quebrada Vitor-Terrestrial500 
Queulat (National Park)IITerrestrial154,093 
Radal Siete Tazas (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial5,148 
Ralco (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial12,421 
Rapa Nui (National Park)-Both7,130 
Río Blanco (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial10,175 
Río Cholchol-Terrestrial  
Río Clarillo (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial10,185 
Río Cochiguás-Terrestrial  
Río Cruces (National Reserve)-Terrestrial6,404 
Río de Los Cipreses (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial38,582 
Río Mahuidanchi-Terrestrial  
Río Reloca-Terrestrial  
Río SimpsonIVTerrestrial41,370 
Roblería del Cobre de Loncha (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial5,870 
Robles del Maule-Terrestrial  
Rucamanque-Terrestrial  
Salar de Coposa-Terrestrial  
Salar de Huasco-Terrestrial  
Salar de Pedernales-Terrestrial  
Salar de SurireIIITerrestrial11,298 
Salar Punta Negra-Terrestrial  
Tilama-Terrestrial  
Tolhuaca (National Park)IITerrestrial6,374 
Torres del Paine (National Park)IITerrestrial181,229 
Trapananda (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial2,305 
Tregualemu-Ramadillas-Terrestrial  
Valdivia (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial9,727 
Valle Chacabuco-Terrestrial  
Vicente Pérez Rosales (National Park)IITerrestrial253,780 
Villarrica (National Park)IITerrestrial61,000 
Villarrica (National Reserve)IVTerrestrial60,005 
Volcán Choshuenco-Terrestrial  
Volcán Isluga (National Park)IITerrestrial174,744 
Volcán Licancabur-Terrestrial  
Volcán Llullaillaco-Terrestrial  
Yerba Loca-Terrestrial39,000 
Zona Cordillerana de Illapel-Terrestrial  

Return to Protected Area Collection for Latin America and the Caribbean

Return to the Latin America and the Caribbean Collection

Further Reading:

  1. World Resources Institute (accessed May 26, 2009)
  2. World Database on Protected Areas (accessed May 26, 2009)

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Protected areas of Chile. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbeead7896bb431f6998f1

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