Protected areas of Ecuador

Source: WDPA
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Protected area highlights for Ecuador (January 31, 2008):

 

# of
Areas

Area
km2

 

Total Area of nationally recognized protected areas (% of Ecuador's Territorial Area)

105

205,516

15.1%

    Terrestrial (% of Equador's Terrestrial Territorial Area)

104

72,124

25.4%

    Marine and Littoral Protected Area

3

133,392

 

  Note that some protected areas include both terrestrial area and marine area

 

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 1,000 km2

23

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 10,000 km2

1

 

 

Wetlands of International importance (Ramsar Sites)

12

1,708

 

UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves

3

173,151

 


There are twelve wetlands in Ecuador recognized as important under the the Convention on Wetlands Ramsar Convention:

Site NameMarine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectares)
Total
Marine
Area
(hectares)
Abras de MantequillaTerrestrial22,500 
Complejo de Humedales Nucanchi TurupambaTerrestrial12,290 
Humedales del Sur de IsabelaMarine872513
Isla SantayMarine4,705 
La SeguaTerrestrial1,836 
Laguna de CubeTerrestrial113 
Manglares ChuruteBoth35,042 
Parque Nacional CajasTerrestrial29,477 
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Isla Santa ClaraMarine46 
Reserva Biológica LimoncochaTerrestrial4,613 
Reserva Ecológica Cayapas-MatajeMarine44,847 
Zona Marina Nacional Parque MachalillaBoth14,430 

 Other internationally recognized areas are:

  • Archipielágo de Colón Galápagos - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves
  • Reserva de la Biósfera de Yasuni - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves
  • Sumaco Biosphere Reserve - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves
  • Sangay National Park

The World Database on Protected Areas reports 105 nationally recognized protected areas in Ecuador

Site NameIUCN
Designation
Marine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectares)
Total
Marine
Area
(hectares)
Aguarongo Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,911 
Alao Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,962 
Antisana Ecological ReserveVITerrestrial120,000 
Area Boscosa de Napo Protected Forest -Terrestrial235,000 
Ashcuquiro Protected Forest -Terrestrial6,687 
Awá, Asent. de la Comunidad Indígena Forest ReserveVITerrestrial101,000 
Bilsa Biological Reserve -Terrestrial  
Bosque Petrificado de Puyango Protected Forest -Terrestrial2,658 
Cajas National ParkIITerrestrial28,808 
Canta Gallo Jipijapa Protected Forest -Terrestrial8,170 
Carrisal Chone Protected Forest -Terrestrial75,700 
Cashca-Totoras Protected Forest -Terrestrial6,537 
Cayambe-Coca Ecological ReserveVITerrestrial40,3103 
Cerro Azul Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,250 
Cerro Guavidula Protected Forest -Terrestrial648 
Chalpar Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,350 
Chillanes Bucay Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,857 
Chimborazo Faunal Production ReserveVITerrestrial58,560 
Cinturón Verde de Quito Protected Forest -Terrestrial23,226 
Collay Protected Forest- Terrestrial9,221 
Coordillera Chongón y Colonche Protected Forest -Terrestrial77,646 
Coordillera de Cutucú y Shaimi Protected Forest -Terrestrial311,500 
Cordillera de Molleturo Protected Forest -Terrestrial28,100 
Cotacahi-Cayapas Ecological ReserveVITerrestrial204,420 
Cotopaxi National ParkIITerrestrial33,393 
Cubilán Protected Forest -Terrestrial960 
Cuenca Alta del Rio Guayllabamba Protected Forest -Terrestrial13,880 
Cuenca Daule Peripa Protected Forest -Terrestrial220,835 
Cuenca Rio Atacames Protected Forest -Terrestrial106,20 
Cuenca Rio Cube Protected Forest -Terrestrial4,925 
Cuenca Rio Paute Protected Forest -Terrestrial195,161 
Cuenca Rios Coco y Panza Protected Forest -Terrestrial7,000 
Cushnirumi Protected Forest -Terrestrial745 
Cuyabeno Faunal Production ReserveVITerrestrial603,380 
El Angel Ecological ReserveIaTerrestrial15,715 
El Boliche Recreational National AreaVTerrestrial400 
El Pongo Protected Forest -Terrestrial11,220 
El Topo Protected Forest -Terrestrial288 
Galápagos National ParkIITerrestrial799,540 
Galápagos Marine ReserveVIMarine13,300,00013,300,000
Hollin Loreto Coca Protected Forest -Terrestrial110,046 
Hoya de Loja Protected Forest -Terrestrial13,259 
Huagrahuasi Illiniza Sur Protected Forest -Terrestrial934 
Huashapampa Protected Forest -Terrestrial217 
Ilinizas Ecological ReserveVITerrestrial149,900 
Jeco Protected Forest- Terrestrial2,324 
La Dormida Protected Forest -Terrestrial7,000 
La Esperanza Protected Forest -Terrestrial13,755 
La Merced Protected Forest -Terrestrial407 
La Paz y San Jose Quijos Protected Forest -Terrestrial399 
Limoncocha Biological ReserveIaTerrestrial4,613 
Llanganates National ParkIITerrestrial219,707 
Llanganates Protected Forest -Terrestrial96,167 
Los Illinizas Ecological ReserveIaTerrestrial149,900 
Machalilla National Park- Both75,05920,000
Machangara - Tomebamba Protected Forest -Terrestrial38,060 
Mache Chindul National ParkVITerrestrial119,172 
Manglares Cayapas - Mataje Ecological Reserve -Terrestrial51.3 
Manglares Cayapas Mataje Ecological Reserve -Both51,30019233.00
Manglares Churute Ecological ReserveVIBoth49,400 
Miguir Protected Forest -Terrestrial265 
Mindo Nambillo Protected Forest -Terrestrial19,200 
Moya y Molón Protected Forest -Terrestrial11,690 
Napo-Galeras National ParkIITerrestrial  
Paluguillo Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,162 
Parque Jerusalem Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,110 
Pasochoa Protected Forest -Terrestrial3,196 
Pasochoa Wildlife RefugeIbTerrestrial500 
Peribuela Protected Forest -Terrestrial343.13 
Pichahuaico Protected Forest -Terrestrial794 
Playón de San Francisco Protected Forest -Terrestrial131,117 
Podocarpus National ParkIITerrestrial146,280 
Predios El Ingenio y Santa Rosa Protected Forest -Terrestrial12,410 
Presa Tahuin Protected Forest -Terrestrial14,911 
Pululahua Geobotanical ReserveIIITerrestrial3,383 
Quebrada Guarango Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,482 
Quebrada Suquinda Protected Forest -Terrestrial6,658 
Quinde Selva Alegre Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,100 
Quisapincha Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,536 
Ramal Estero Salado Protected Forest -Terrestrial33 
Represa Poza Honda Protected Forest -Terrestrial17.50 
Rio Blanco Protected Forest -Terrestrial4,420 
Rio Dudayhuaico Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,845 
San Francisco de Alaspungu Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,187 
San Francisco de Huaca Protected Forest -Terrestrial60 
San Francisco de Pioter Protected Forest -Terrestrial204 
San Juan de Pastocalle La Libertad Protected Forest -Terrestrial2,218 
San Luis Protected Forest -Terrestrial850 
San Pablo Protected Forest -Terrestrial110 
Sangay National ParkIITerrestrial517,725 
Santa Bárbara y Shio Protected Forest -Terrestrial14,580 
Santa Rita Protected Forest -Terrestrial2145 
Sarapullo Protected Forest -Terrestrial21,585 
Shishimbe-Chillanes Protected Forest -Terrestrial1,064 
Subcuencas Rios Toachi y Pilatón Protected Forest -Terrestrial214,120 
Sumaco Protected Forest -Terrestrial100,045 
Sumaco Napo Galeras National ParkIITerrestrial205,249 
Sunsun - Yanasacha Protected Forest -Terrestrial3,850 
Taminga-Quichinche Protected Forest -Terrestrial  
Tonchigue Protected Forest- Terrestrial10,620 
Volcán Pichincha Protected Forest -Terrestrial8,096 
Yanuncay - Irquis Protected Forest -Terrestrial33,410 
Yasuní National ParkIITerrestrial982,300 
Yunguilla Protected Forest -Terrestrial4,500 
Zarapullo Protected Forest -Terrestrial21,585 

 

caption Map of Ecuador Source: CIA, The World Factbook

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Further Reading:

  1. World Resources Institute (accessed May 26, 2009)
  2. World Database on Protected Areas (accessed May 26, 2009)

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Protected areas of Ecuador. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbeeae7896bb431f699919

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