Protected areas of Venezuela

Source: WDPA
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Protected area highlights for Venezuela (January 31, 2008):

 

# of
Areas

Area
km2

 

Total Area of nationally recognized protected areas (% of Venezuela's Territorial Area)

231

660,964

65.7%

- Terrestrial (% of Venezuela's Terrestrial Territorial Area)

231

650,743

71.3%

- Marine and Littoral Protected Area

19

10,221

 

Note that some protected areas include both terrestrial area and marine area

 

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 1,000 km2

88

 

 

Nationally recognized protected areas greater than 10,000 km2

10

 

 

Wetlands of International importance (Ramsar Sites)

5

2,657

 

UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves

1

82,662

 


There are five wetlands in Venezuela recognized as important under the the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar Convention):

Site NameMarine or
Terrestrial
Total
Area
(hectares)
Archipielago Los RoquesMarine213,220
Ciénaga de Los OlivitosBoth26,000
CuareBoth12,000
Laguna de la RestingaMarine5,248
Laguna de TacariguaMarine9,200

Other internationall recognized areas of significance in Venezuela are:

  • Alto Orinoco - Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve - UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves
  • Canaima National Park - World Heritage Site

 The latest World Database on Protected Areas reports 243 nationally recognized protected areas in Venezuela (13 more than in the summary above):

Site NameIUCN
Designation
Marine or TerrestrialTotal
Area (Hectares)
Total
Marine
Area (Hectares)
Abra-Río Frío Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial1,282 
Achaguas Forest AreaVITerrestrial84,213 
Acuífero de Calabozo Critical Priority Area Terrestrial415,000 
Aguaro-Guariquito National ParkIITerrestrial585,750 
Alto Orinoco-Casiquiare Biosphere ReserveVITerrestrial8,400,000 
Archipiélago de las Aves National Park Both  
Archipiélago Los Frailes Terrestrial169 
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park Both221,120210,064
Area Metropolitana de Caracas Protective ZoneVTerrestrial84,300 
Barbacas Forest AreaVITerrestrial222,460 
Barlovento (Edo. Miranda) Zone of Agricultural Development Terrestrial210,638 
Barquisimeto Protective ZoneVTerrestrial46,273 
Boca de Hueque Wildlife Reserve Terrestrial5,000 
Botucal Forest AreaVITerrestrial13,244 
Burro Negro Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial75,000 
Burro Negro Protective ZoneVTerrestrial75,000 
Cabos, Puntas y Lagunas de Isla de Margarita Protective ZoneVTerrestrial1,549 
Canaima National ParkIITerrestrial3,000,000 
Caño Caballo Forest AreaVITerrestrial55,960 
Caño Guaritico Wildlife RefugeIVTerrestrial9,300 
Caparo Forest ReserveVITerrestrial181,143 
Cerro Autana Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial30 
Cerro Camani y Morrocoy Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial120,000 
Cerro El Copey National ParkIITerrestrial7,130 
Cerro El Volcán Protective ZoneVTerrestrial554 
Cerro Guaiquinima Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial17,000 
Cerro Guanay Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial100,000 
Cerro Machado - El Silencio Forest AreaVITerrestrial5,956 
Cerro Platillón Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial8,000 
Cerro Santa Ana Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial1,900 
Cerro Saroche National ParkIITerrestrial32,294 
Cerro Tamacuare y Serranía Tapirapeco Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial340,000 
Cerro Uchum y Guanacoco Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial990,000 
Cerro Venamo Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial7,500 
Cerro Vinilla y Aratitiyope Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial330,000 
Cerro Yavi Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial40,000 
Cerros Matasiete y Guayamurí Natural Monument Both1,672193
Chivapure - Cuchivero Forest AreaVITerrestrial620,133 
Chorrera de las González Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial126 
Chorro el Indio National ParkIITerrestrial17,000 
Ciénaga Los Olivitos Wildlife Refuge Both22,2046500
Ciénagas de Juan Manuel, Aguas Blancas y Negras Wildlife ReserveIVTerrestrial71,500 
Ciénagas del Catatumbo National ParkIITerrestrial269,400 
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National ParkIITerrestrial584,368 
Cuare Wildlife Refuge Both11,8531892
Cuenca Alta de los Ríos Maticora y Cocuiza Protective ZoneVTerrestrial241,500 
Cuenca Alta del Río Cojedes Protective ZoneVTerrestrial276,000 
Cuenca Alta del Río Tocuyo Protective ZoneVTerrestrial141,600 
Cuenca Alta y Media del Río Machengo Protective ZoneVTerrestrial113,000 
Cuenca Alta y Media del Río Orituco Protective ZoneVTerrestrial43,000 
Cuenca baja del Rio Yaracuy Terrestrial20,000 
Cuenca de Unare Rural Development Area Terrestrial2,313,400 
Cuenca del Lago de Valencia Critical Priority Area Terrestrial303,500 
Cuenca del Río Guárico Protective ZoneVTerrestrial40,207 
Cuenca Hidrográfica del Rio Yacambú Protective ZoneVTerrestrial46,900 
Cuenca Rio Albarregas Critical Priority Area Terrestrial75,000 
Cuencas Alta y Media del Río Pao Protective ZoneVTerrestrial68,000 
Cueva Alfredo Jahn Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial58 
Cueva de la Quebrada del Toro National ParkIITerrestrial8,500 
Cueva del Guácharo (Alejandro de Humboldt) Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial181 
de la Ciudad de Coro Protective ZoneVTerrestrial19,720 
De la Tortuga Arrau Wildlife RefugeIVTerrestrial17,431 
Delgadito Forest AreaVITerrestrial3,390 
Delta del Orinoco National ParkIITerrestrial331,000 
Delta del Orinoco Biosphere Reserve Both876,500473303
Depresión de Quibor (Edo. Lara) Zone of Agricultural Development Terrestrial45,300 
Depresión Rio Turbio-Yaracuy Zone of Agricultural Development Terrestrial80,308 
Depresión Turbio-Yaracuy Zone of Agricultural Development Terrestrial80,308 
Dinira National ParkIITerrestrial42,000 
Distrito Guaicaipuro Protective ZoneVTerrestrial560 
Distrito Mara Zone of Agricultural Development Terrestrial11,042 
Distrito Páez del Estado Apure Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial66,100 
Distritos Maturín, Cedeño, Acosta, Piar Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial190,000 
Duida-Marahuaca National ParkIITerrestrial210,000 
El Amparo Forest AreaVITerrestrial41,140 
El Avila National ParkIITerrestrial85,192 
El Baúl-Corralito Forest AreaVITerrestrial120,385 
El Caura Forest ReserveVITerrestrial5,134,000 
El Chocó Forest AreaVITerrestrial15,000 
El Cigarrón Protective ZoneVTerrestrial45,230 
El Clavo Forest AreaVITerrestrial9,544 
El Dorado - Tumeremo Forest Plot Terrestrial78,993 
El Frío (C.V.G.) Forest Plot Terrestrial65,000 
El Gran Eneal Terrestrial15,800 
El Guácharo National ParkIITerrestrial62,700 
El Guache National ParkIITerrestrial12,200 
El Palmar y Alfredo Rural Development Area Terrestrial143,768 
El Tamá National ParkIITerrestrial139,000 
El Yagual Forest AreaVITerrestrial41,419 
Embalses de Játira y Tacarigua Wildlife Reserve Terrestrial  
Escalante-Onia-Mucujepe Protective ZoneVTerrestrial101,125 
Estero de Chiriguare Wildlife RefugeIVTerrestrial32,169 
Formaciones de Tepuyes Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial569,820 
Fundo Flamerich Forest Plot Terrestrial19,196 
Golfo de Cariaco Terrestrial64,200 
Golfo de Paría Terrestrial45,000 
Guanare Masparro Rural Development Area Terrestrial501,100 
Guaramacal National ParkIITerrestrial21,000 
Guarapiche Forest Reserve Both370,000667
Guatopo National ParkIITerrestrial122,464 
Henri Pittier National Park Both107,0001277
Imataca Forest ReserveVITerrestrial3,821,958 
Isla de Aves Wildlife Refuge Both158,021158017
Isla La Blanquilla Terrestrial52,500 
Isla Los Testigos National Park Terrestrial  
Jaua Sarisariñama National ParkIITerrestrial330,000 
La Danta Forest AreaVITerrestrial131,295 
La Marichí Protective ZoneVTerrestrial2,000 
La Mariposa Protective ZoneVTerrestrial2,810 
La Paragua Forest ReserveVITerrestrial782,000 
La Pereza Protective ZoneVTerrestrial330 
La Tortuga Arrau Protective ZoneVTerrestrial9,856 
Lago de Valencia Critical Priority Area Terrestrial303,500 
Laguna Blanca o del Morro Protective ZoneVTerrestrial217 
Laguna de Boca de Caño Wildlife RefugeIVTerrestrial453 
Laguna de la Danta Protective ZoneVTerrestrial2,203 
Laguna de la Restinga National Park Both17,1806364
Laguna de las Marites Natural Monument Both3,6741837
Laguna de Tacarigua National Park Both39,10019550
Laguna de Unare Terrestrial4,700 
Laguna de Urao Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial29 
Lagunas de Los Patos (Complejo lagunar San Luis) Littoral Park Both150 
Las González Protective ZoneVTerrestrial11,220 
Libertad Forest AreaVITerrestrial38,088 
Litoral Central Protective ZoneVTerrestrial39,723 
Loma de León Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial7,275 
Macarao National ParkIITerrestrial15,000 
Macizo Cuao-Sipapo y Moriche Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial1,120,000 
Macizo Montañoso del Turimiquire Protective ZoneVTerrestrial540,000 
Maracaibo Protective ZoneVTerrestrial20,800 
Margen Izquierdo del Río Masparro Protective ZoneVTerrestrial5,000 
Márgenes del Río Guárico Forest AreaVITerrestrial166,677 
Márgenes del Río Guere Forest AreaVITerrestrial93,936 
María Lionza Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial11,712 
Mariusa National ParkIITerrestrial265,000 
Médanos de Coro National Park Both91,28049291
Merejina Forest AreaVITerrestrial302,493 
Mesa de Guanipa Critical Priority Area Terrestrial900,000 
Meseta La Galera Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial95 
Mitar-Nakichenovich Protective ZoneVTerrestrial615 
Mochima National Park Both94,93549366
Módulos de Apure Rural Development Area Terrestrial589,100 
[[Morrocoy National Park Both32,09019254
[[Morros de Macaira Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial99 
Morros de San Juan (Arístides Rojas) Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial2,755 
Mucujún Protective ZoneVTerrestrial19,450 
Nirgua-Aroa Forest AreaVITerrestrial68,467 
Paisolandia Forest Plot Terrestrial8,101 
Páramo Las Lajas Forest AreaVITerrestrial2,240 
Páramos del Batallón y La Negra National ParkIITerrestrial95,200 
Parima-Tapirapecó National ParkIITerrestrial3,420,000 
Pedernales Forest AreaVITerrestrial246,625 
Península de Paria National ParkIIBoth37,500859
Peribeca (Edo.Tachira) Zone of Agricultural Development Terrestrial395 
Perijá National ParkIITerrestrial295,288 
Pico Codazzi Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial11,850 
Pico Jengibre (C.Lago de Valencia) Critical Priority Area Terrestrial2,597 
Piedemonte Andino Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial491,280 
Piedemonte Norte de la Cordillera Andina Protective ZoneVTerrestrial372,327 
Piedemonte Portuguesa Forest AreaVITerrestrial54,065 
Piedra de Cocuy Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial15 
Piedra La Tortuga Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial500 
Piedra Pintada Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial1,425 
Pueblito Forest AreaVITerrestrial98,731 
Región Lago de Maracaibo, Sierra de Perijá Protective ZoneVTerrestrial244,125 
Región Valle de Quibor Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial72,000 
Río Albarregas Protective ZoneVTerrestrial11,233 
Río Apure-Capanaparo Forest AreaVITerrestrial18,535 
Río Arauca-Guere Forest AreaVITerrestrial26,314 
Río Aricuaisa Forest AreaVITerrestrial15,114 
Río Capaz Protective ZoneVTerrestrial45,700 
Río Capravera Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial3,203 
Río Capravera Protective ZoneVTerrestrial3,203 
Río Castan Protective ZoneVTerrestrial29,705 
Río Cataniapo Protective ZoneVTerrestrial153,800 
Río Chuspita Protective ZoneVTerrestrial5,642 
Río de los Remedios Forest AreaVITerrestrial80,317 
Río Guanare Viejo Forest AreaVITerrestrial20,076 
Río Guanipa Forest AreaVITerrestrial111,562 
Río Icabarú Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial190,000 
Río Orichuna Forest AreaVITerrestrial44,541 
Río Orituco Forest AreaVITerrestrial100,250 
Río Parguaza Forest Plot Terrestrial65,700 
Río Pedregal Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial195,900 
Río Pedregal Protective ZoneVTerrestrial195,900 
Río Sanchón Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial8,100 
Río Tarra Forest AreaVITerrestrial59,915 
Río Tocuyo Forest ReserveVITerrestrial47,640 
Río Torbes y sus Alrededores Protective ZoneVTerrestrial12,000 
Río Tucuco Forest AreaVITerrestrial31,665 
Río Tucurere Forest AreaVITerrestrial73,473 
Río Tuy Critical Priority Area Terrestrial877,974 
Río Viejo National ParkIITerrestrial68,000 
Río Yacambú Protective ZoneVTerrestrial46,900 
Ríos Guanare, Boconó, Tucupido, La Yuca y Masparro Protective ZoneVTerrestrial400,000 
Ríos Maticora y Cocuiza Forest AreaVITerrestrial40,402 
Rubio Protective ZoneVTerrestrial23,760 
Sabanas de Anaro Wildlife ReserveIVTerrestrial16,331 
Salinas de Sauca Wildlife Reserve Terrestrial10,400 
San Antonio - Ureña Protective ZoneVTerrestrial6,223 
San Camilo Forest ReserveVITerrestrial110,000 
San Cristóbal Protective ZoneVTerrestrial10,000 
San Esteban National Park Both43,500237
San Fernando Forest AreaVITerrestrial37,410 
San Francisco de la Paragua Forest AreaVITerrestrial67,000 
San Pedro Forest Plot Terrestrial757,400 
San Rafael de Guasare Protective ZoneVTerrestrial302,000 
Santa Marta Forest Plot Terrestrial38,516 
Santa Rosa Forest AreaVITerrestrial99,264 
Santo Domingo Forest AreaVITerrestrial155,152 
Sector Caño Blanco (Bombonera) Forest Plot Terrestrial20,000 
Serranía de la Neblina National ParkIITerrestrial1360,000 
Serranía de San Luis Protective Zone]VTerrestrial86,000 
Serranía Yutaje-Corocoro Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial210,000 
Sierra de Aroa Protective ZoneVTerrestrial113,000 
Sierra de Bobare Protective ZoneVTerrestrial140,000 
Sierra de la Culata National ParkIITerrestrial200,400 
Sierra de Nirgua Protective ZoneVTerrestrial146,590 
Sierra de San Luis National ParkIITerrestrial20,000 
Sierra Maigualida Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial260,000 
Sierra Marutani Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial267,500 
Sierra Nevada National ParkIITerrestrial276,446 
Sierra Unturán Natural MonumentIIITerrestrial610,000 
Sipapo Forest ReserveVITerrestrial1,215,500 
Sur del Estado Bolívar Protective ZoneVTerrestrial7,262,358 
Sureste del Lago de Maracaibo Sto. Domingo-Motatán Protective ZoneVTerrestrial406,662 
Sureste del Lago de Maracaibo-Uribante-Caparo Protective ZoneVTerrestrial446,600 
Tapo - Caparo National ParkIITerrestrial205,000 
Terepaima National ParkIITerrestrial18,650 
Tetas de María Guevara Natural MonumentIIIBoth18,000334
Ticoporo Forest ReserveVITerrestrial187,156 
Tirgua National ParkIITerrestrial91,000 
Tiznados Forest AreaVITerrestrial20,380 
Turén Forest ReserveVITerrestrial116,400 
Turuépano National Park Both70,0002,050
Valle de Atamo Rural Development Area Terrestrial510 
Valle del Algodonal Protective ZoneVTerrestrial214 
Valle del Río Aroa Rural Development Area Terrestrial300,000 
Valle del Río Guarapiche Rural Development Area Terrestrial137,000 
Yacambú National ParkIITerrestrial14,580 
Yapacana National ParkIITerrestrial320,000 
Yurubí National ParkIITerrestrial23,670 
Zona Sur de Lago de Maracaibo Hydrological Reserve Terrestrial618,000 

 

caption Map of Venezuela (Source: CIA, The World Factbook)

Return to Protected Area Collection for Latin America and the Caribbean

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Further Reading:

  1. World Resources Institute (accessed May 26, 2009)
  2. World Database on Protected Areas (accessed May 26, 2009)

Glossary

Citation

(2009). Protected areas of Venezuela. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbeeb07896bb431f699a15

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