Agricultural Health Study

Agricultural Health Study (AHS)

Applicators completed a short enrollment questionnaire on farming, personal pesticide use and lifestyle factors. Applicators who completed the questionnaire received a set of take-home questionnaires, including two to be completed by the female spouse of farmers and a third to be completed by the applicator that obtained additional details on pesticide exposure and health status. During 1999 – 2003 a follow-up telephone interview updated exposure information and changes in health status. Participants who completed the interview were asked to provide a buccal-cell DNA sample—for future analyses of gene and environment interactions—and a food frequency questionnaire by mail. A second follow-up telephone interview, expected to be completed in 2009, is underway.

caption Agricultural Health Study (AHS)

Questionnaires provided self-reported information on demographic factors, medical characteristics, history of smoking and alcohol use, and a lifetime use of pesticides, including 50 specific compounds. Over 68% of applicators (33,450) and 75% of spouses (23,775) completed the first follow-up interview. Approximately 40% of participants returned buccal cell samples.

In addition to studying changes in health that are reported through the follow-up questionnaire, the researchers annually link the cohort to state cancer registries and vital records to monitor cancer incidence and mortality.

As an occupational group, farmers are unique in that they often live where they work and their family members often participate in farming activities and may have inadvertent exposure to potential farm hazards. The AHS is the largest study of farmers and their families in the world and has provided Epidemiology Branch investigators and collaborators with an invaluable source of information. The study collects comprehensive data on pesticide exposure and factors that might modify exposures and has developed and validated improved methods for pesticide exposure assessment. Information provided by spouses about their children has facilitated studies on the health of children who live on farms. Topics of specific interest to NIEHS investigators, trainees and collaborators include neurobehavioral function and neurodegenerative diseases, respiratory health, reproductive health and cancer. Individuals interested in collaborating in the AHS should contact Jane Hoppin, Sc.D. to discuss opportunities.

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(2012). Agricultural Health Study. Retrieved from


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