National Center for Atmospheric Research
The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is a non-governmental institute, based in the United States, whose stated mission is "exploring and understanding our atmosphere and its interactions with the Sun, the oceans, the biosphere, and human society."
NCAR's flagship Mesa Laboratory is located in the outskirts of Boulder, Colorado, in a dramatic complex of buildings designed by the renowned architect I. M. Pei. The site is maintained as a nature preserve.
The Mesa Laboratory includes science exhibits, an educational resource center, a library, and art galleries all of which open to the general public.
NCAR is headquartered in Boulder, Colorado, with most activity taking place on three campuses:
- NCAR Mesa Laboratory: in the southwest outskirts of Boulder Foothills
- Laboratory and Center Green Campus: in northeast Boulder Research
- Aviation Facility: at the Jefferson County Airport in Broomfield, Colorado
In addition, NCAR's High Altitude Observatory operates the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory in Hilo, Hawaii.
Ancillary activities take place elsewhere in Boulder, in Washington, D.C. and in about 15 states other than Colorado.
NCAR research areas
NCAR has six primary research areas:
- Climate: The study of regional climate and the past, present and future global climate and changes in climate.
- Societal impacts: The effects of weather and climate on society and national security.
- Meteorology and weather: Weather forecasting and predicting, the study of severe storms, the study of the physical processes of the Earcth's atmosphere, and the training of meteorologists.
- Air pollution and atmospheric chemistry: Studying chemical processes in the atmosphere, ozone, and air pollution (including plume dispersion and tracking).
- The whole Earth system: Research into the effect of oceans and of land use on weather and climate, the water cycle, and the cryosphere.
- The sun and space weather: Studies of space weather, the effect of the sun on Earth's weather and climate, and operating a solar observatory.
Personnel and annual expenditures
NCAR has a total staff (as of February 2011) of approximately 990, including research, technical and support people.
The staff includes about 341 scientists, 180 engineers and 37 post-doctoral Fellows.
NCAR's primary sponsor is the National Science Foundation (NSF) and it is designated as an NSF Federally Funded Research and Development Center. The total expenditures for the fiscal year of 2010 was $179,000,000. Approximately 95% of NCAR's funding comes from the federal government but it is not a federal agency and NCAR's staff are not part of the federal personnel system.
NCAR is one of the major parts of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) which is a not-for-profit consortium of universities that grant Ph.D.s in fields related to atmospheric science.
NCAR is governed by a directorate headed by a director and an assistant director. The directorate includes:
- A budget and planning office
- A research relationship office
- An advanced studies program office
- The NCAR library
The five research laboratories of the NCAR are:
- Computational & Systems Information Laboratory (CSIL)
- Earth Observing Laboratory (EOL)
- High Altitude Observatory (HAO)
- NCAR Earth System Laboratory(NESL)
- Research Applications Laboratory (RAL)
There are also two NCAR programs of note:
- The Advanced Study Program (ASP) focuses on fostering professional development of early career scientists.
- The Integrated Study Program (ISP) promotes the scientific frontiers dependent on an integrated approach, across NCAR laboratories and across disciplines.
More detailed organization charts are available on the Internet.