Limnology

Major rivers of the world (collection)

April 25, 2013, 3:10 pm
Content Cover Image

Zambezi River looking downriver with mists of Victoria Falls in background. @ C.Michael Hogan

Continent color key
Africa Asia Australia Europe North America South America
  River Length (km) Length (miles) Drainage area (km²) Average discharge (m³/s) Outflow Countries in the drainage basin
1. Nile – Kagera 6,650
(6,853)
4,132
(4,258)
3,349,000 5,100 Mediterranean Sea Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan
2. Amazon – Ucayali – Apurímac 6,400
(6,992)
3,976
(4,345)
6,915,000 219,000 Atlantic Ocean Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
3. Yangtze (Chang Jiang) 6,310 3,920 1,800,000 31,900 East China Sea China
4. Mississippi – Missouri – Jefferson 6,275 3,902 2,980,000 16,800 Gulf of Mexico United States, Canada
5. Yenisei – Angara – Selenge 5,539 3,445 2,580,000 19,600 Kara Sea Russia, Mongolia
6. Yellow River (Huang He) 5,465 3,395 745,000 2,110 Bohai Sea China
7. Ob – Irtysh 5,410 3,364 2,990,000 12,800 Gulf of Ob Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia
8. Paraná - Río de la Plata 4,880 3,030 2,582,672 18,000 Río de la Plata Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay
9. Congo – Chambeshi  (Zaïre) 4,700 2,922 3,680,000 41,800 Atlantic Ocean Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda
10. Amur – Argun (Heilong Jiang) 4,444 2,825 1,855,000 11,400 Sea of Okhotsk Russia, China, Mongolia
11. Lena 4,400 2,736 2,490,000 17,100 Laptev Sea Russia
12. Mekong (Lancang Jiang) 4,350 2,705 810,000 16,000 South China Sea Laos, Thailand, China, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar
13. Mackenzie – Peace – Finlay 4,241 2,637 1,790,000 10,300 Beaufort Sea Canada
14. Niger 4,200 2,611 2,090,000 9,570 Gulf of Guinea Nigeria, Mali, Niger, Algeria, Guinea, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Chad
15. Murray – Darling 3,672 2,282 1,061,000 767 Indian Ocean Australia
16. Tocantins – Araguaia 3,650 2,270 950,000 13,598 Atlantic Ocean, Amazon Brazil
17. Volga 3,645 2,266 1,380,000 8,080 Caspian Sea Russia
18. Shatt al-Arab – Euphrates 3,596 2,236 884,000 856 Persian Gulf Iraq, Turkey, Syria
19. Madeira – Mamoré – Grande – Caine – Rocha 3,380 2,100 1,485,200 31,200 Amazon Brazil, Bolivia, Peru
20. Purus 3,211 1,995 63,166 8,400 Amazon Brazil, Peru
21. Yukon 3,185 1,980 850,000 6,210 Bering Sea United States, Canada
22. Indus 3,180 1,976 960,000 7,160 Arabian Sea Pakistan, India, China
23. São Francisco 3,180*
(2,900)
1,976*
(1,802)
610,000 3,300 Atlantic Ocean Brazil
24. Syr Darya – Naryn 3,078 1,913 219,000 703 Aral Sea Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan
25. Salween (Nu Jiang) 3,060 1,901 324,000 3,153 Andaman Sea China, Myanmar, Thailand
26. Saint Lawrence – Niagara – Detroit – Saint Clair – Saint Marys – Saint Louis 3,058 1,900 1,030,000 10,100 Gulf of Saint Lawrence Canada, United States
27. Rio Grande 3,057
(2,896)
1,900
(1,799)
570,000 82 Gulf of Mexico United States, Mexico
28. Lower Tunguska 2,989 1,857 473,000 3,600 Yenisei Russia
29. Brahmaputra – Tsangpo 2,948* 1,832* 1,730,000 19,200 Bay of Bengal India, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan
30. Danube – Breg 2,888* 1,795* 817,000 7,130 Black Sea Romania, Hungary, Austria, Serbia, Germany, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia
31. Zambezi (Zambesi) 2,693* 1,673* 1,330,000 4,880 Mozambique Channel Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Namibia, Botswana
32. Vilyuy 2,650 1,647 454,000 1,480 Lena Russia
33. Araguaia 2,627 1,632 358,125 5,510 Tocantins Brazil
34. Ganges – Hooghly - Padma (Ganga) 2,620 1,630 907,000 12,037 Bay of Bengal India, Bangladesh
34. Amu Darya -- Panj 2,620 1,628 534,739 1,400 Aral Sea Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
35. Japurá (Rio Yapurá) 2,615* 1,625* 242,259 6,000 Amazon Brazil, Colombia
36. Nelson – Saskatchewan 2,570 1,597 1,093,000 2,575 Hudson Bay Canada, United States
37. Paraguay (Rio Paraguay) 2,549 1,584 900,000 4,300 Paraná Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina
38. Kolyma 2,513 1,562 644,000 3,800 East Siberian Sea Russia
40. Pilcomayo 2,500 1,553 270,000   Paraguay Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia
41. Upper Ob -- Katun 2,490 1,547     Ob Russia
42. Ishim 2,450 1,522 177,000 56 Irtysh Kazakhstan, Russia
43. Juruá 2,410 1,498 200,000 6,000 Amazon Peru, Brazil
44. Ural 2,428 1,509 237,000 475 Caspian Sea Russia, Kazakhstan
45. Arkansas 2,348 1,459 505,000
(435,122)
1,118 Mississippi United States
47. Olenyok 2,292 1,424 219,000 1,210 Laptev Sea Russia
48. Dnieper 2,287 1,421 516,300 1,670 Black Sea Russia, Belarus, Ukraine
49. Aldan 2,273 1,412 729,000 5,060 Lena Russia
46. Ubangi – Uele 2,270 1,410 772,800 4,000 Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo
50. Negro 2,250 1,450 720,114 26,700 Amazon Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia
51. Columbia 2,250 (1,953) 1,450 (1,214) 415,211 7,500 Pacific Ocean United States, Canada
52. Colorado (USA) 2,333 1,450 390,000 1,200 Gulf of California United States, Mexico
53. Pearl – Zhu Jiang 2,200 1,376 437,000 13,600 South China Sea China, Vietnam
54. Red (Texas) 2,188 1,360 169,910 875 Mississippi United States
55. Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) 2,170 1,348 411,000 13,000 Andaman Sea Myanmar
56. Kasai 2,153 1,338 880,200 10,000 Congo Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo
57. Ohio – Allegheny 2,102 1,306 490,603 7,957 Mississippi United States
58. Orinoco 2,101 1,306 1,380,000 33,000 Atlantic Ocean Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana
59. Tarim 2,100 1,305 557,000   Lop Nur China
60. Xingu 2,100 1,305     Amazon Brazil
61. Orange 2,100 1,305     Atlantic Ocean South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho
62. Northern Salado 2,010 1,249     Paraná Argentina
63. Vitim 1,978 1,229     Lena Russia
64. Tigris 1,950 1,212     Shatt al-Arab Turkey, Iraq, Syria
65. Songhua 1,927 1,197 1,444,000 2465 Amur China
66. Tapajós 1,900 1,181     Amazon Brazil
67. Don 1,870 1,162 425,600 935 Sea of Azov Russia, Ukraine
68. Stony Tunguska 1,865 1,159 240,000   Yenisei Russia
69. Pechora 1,809 1,124 322,000   Barents Sea Russia
70. Kama 1,805 1,122 507,000   Volga Russia
71. Limpopo 1,800 1,118 413,000   Indian Ocean Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana
72. Senegal 1,790 1,020 419,659   Atlantic Ocean Senegal, Mali, Mauritania 
73. Guaporé (Itenez) 1,749 1,087 266,460   Mamore Brazil, Bolivia
74. Indigirka 1,726 1,072 360,400 1,810 East Siberian Sea Russia
75. Snake 1,670 1,038 279,719 1,611 Columbia  USA
76. Uruguay 1,610 1,000 370,000   Atlantic Ocean Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil
77. Murrumbidgee River 1,600 994     Murray River Australia
77. Blue Nile 1,600 994 326,400   Nile Ethiopia, Sudan
77. Churchill 1,600 994     Hudson Bay Canada
77. Khatanga 1,600 994     Laptev Sea Russia
77. Okavango 1,600 994     Okavango Delta Namibia, Angola, Botswana
77. Volta 1,600 994     Gulf of Guinea Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin
82. Beni 1,599 994 283,350 8,900 Madeira Bolivia
83. Platte 1,594 990     Missouri USA
84. Tobol 1,591 989     Irtysh Kazakhstan, Russia
85. Jubba – Shebelle 1,580* 982*     Indian Ocean Ethiopia, Somalia
86. Içá (Putumayo) 1,575 979     Amazon Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador
87. Magdalena 1,550 963 263,858 9,000 Caribbean Sea Colombia
88. Han 1,532 952     Yangtze China
89. Oka 1,500 932     Volga Russia
91. Pecos 1,490 926     Rio Grande USA
92. Upper Yenisei -- Little Yenisei (Kaa-Hem) 1,480 920     Yenisei Russia, Mongolia
93. Godavari 1,465 910     Bay of Bengal India
94. Colorado (Texas) 1,438 894     Gulf of Mexico USA
95. Río Grande (Guapay) 1,438 894 102,600 264 Ichilo Bolivia
96. Belaya 1,420 882     Kama Russia
97. Cooper – Barcoo 1,420 880     Lake Eyre Australia
98. Marañón 1,415 879     Amazon Peru
99. Dniester 1,411 (1,352) 877 (840)     Black Sea Ukraine, Moldova
100. Benue 1,402 870   2,450 Niger Cameroon, Nigeria
100. Ili (Yili) 1,400 870     Lake Balkhash China, Kazakhstan
100. Warburton – Georgina 1,400 870     Lake Eyre Australia
103. Sutlej 1,372 852     Chenab China, India, Pakistan
104. Yamuna 1,370 851     Ganges India
105. Vyatka 1,370 851     Kama Russia
106. Fraser 1,368 850 220,000 3,475 Pacific Ocean Canada
107. Mtkvari (Kura) 1,364 848     Caspian Sea Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey, Iran
108. Grande 1,360 845     Paraná Brazil
109. Brazos 1,352 840     Gulf of Mexico United States
110. Cauca 1,350 839     Magdalena Colombia
111. Liao 1,345 836     Bo Hai China
112. Yalong 1,323 822     Yangtze China
113. Iguaçu 1,320 820     Paraná Brazil, Argentina
113. Olyokma 1,320 820     Lena Russia
115. Northern Dvina – Sukhona 1,302 809 357,052 3,332 White Sea Russia
116. Krishna 1,300 808     Bay of Bengal India
116. Iriri 1,300 808     Xingu Brazil
117. Narmada 1,289 801     Arabian Sea India
118. Lomami 1,280 795     Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo
119. Ottawa 1,271 790     Saint Lawrence Canada
120. Zeya 1,242 772     Amur Russia
121. Juruena 1,240 771     Tapajós Brazil
122. Upper Mississippi 1,236 768     Mississippi United States
123. Rhine 1,233 768 198,735 2,330 North Sea Germany, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy (minimal), Belgium, Luxembourg
124. Athabasca 1,231 765 95,300   Mackenzie Canada
124. Elbe – Vltava 1,252 778 148,268 711 North Sea Germany, Czech Republic
126. Canadian 1,223 760     Arkansas United States
127. North Saskatchewan 1,220 758     Saskatchewan Canada
128. Draa 1,218 994     Atlantic Ocean Morocco
129. Vaal 1,205 752     Orange South Africa
130. Shire 1,200 746     Zambezi Mozambique, Malawi
131. Nenjiang (Nen) 1,190 739     Songhua China
132. Kızıl River 1,182 734 115,000 400 Black Sea Turkey
133. Green 1,175 730   173 Colorado (western U.S.) United States
134. Milk 1,173 729     Missouri United States, Canada
135. Chindwin 1,158 720     Ayeyarwady Myanmar
136. Sankuru 1,150 715     Kasai Democratic Republic of the Congo
137. Red (Asia) 1,149 714 143,700 2,640 Gulf of Tonkin China, Vietnam
138. James (Dakotas) 1,143 710     Missouri United States
139. Kapuas 1,143 710     South China Sea Indonesia
140. Desna 1,130 702 88,900 360 Dnieper Russia, Belarus, Ukraine
140. Helmand 1,130 702     Hamun-i-Helmand Afghanistan, Iran
140. Madre de Dios 1,130 702 125,000 4,915 Beni Peru, Bolivia
140. Tietê 1,130 702     Paraná Brazil
140. Vychegda 1,130 702     Northern Dvina Russia
145. Sepik 1,126 700 77,700   Pacific Ocean Papua New Guinea, Indonesia
146. Cimarron 1,123 698     Arkansas United States
147. Anadyr 1,120 696     Gulf of Anadyr Russia
147. Paraíba do Sul 1,120 696     Atlantic Ocean Brazil
149. Jialing River 1,119 695     Yangtze China
150. Liard 1,115 693     Mackenzie Canada
151. Cumberland 1,105 687 46,830 862 Mississippi United States
152. White 1,102 685     Mississippi United States
153. Huallaga 1,100 684     Marañón Peru
153. Kwango 1,100 684 263,500 2,700 Kasai Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo
155. Gambia 1,094 680     Atlantic Ocean The Gambia, Senegal, Guinea
156. Chenab 1,086 675     Indus India, Pakistan
157. Yellowstone 1,080 671 114,260   Missouri United States
158. Aras 1,072 665 102,000 285 Kura Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran
159. Chu River 1,067 663 62,500   none Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan
160. Seversky Donets 1,078 (1,053) 670 (654)     Don Russia, Ukraine
161. Bermejo 1,050 652     Paraguay Argentina, Bolivia
161. Fly 1,050 652     Gulf of Papua Papua New Guinea, Indonesia
161. Guaviare 1,050 652     Orinoco Colombia
162. Kuskokwim 1,050 652     Bering Sea United States
163. Kunene 1,050 652 106,560 174 Atlantic Ocean Angola, Namibia
164. Tennessee 1,049 652     Ohio United States
165. Vistula 1,047 630 194,424 1,080 Baltic Sea Poland
166. Aruwimi 1,030 640     Congo River Democratic Republic of the Congo
167. Daugava 1,020 634 87,900 678 Gulf of Riga Latvia, Belarus, Russia
168. Gila 1,015 631     Colorado (western U.S.) United States
169. Loire 1,012 629 115,271 840 Atlantic Ocean France
170. Essequibo 1,010 628     Atlantic Ocean Guyana
171. Khoper 1,010 628     Don Russia
172. Tagus (Tajo/Tejo) 1,006 625 80,100   Atlantic Ocean Spain, Portugal

 

Glossary

Citation

Saundry, P. (2013). Major rivers of the world (collection). Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbf2d87896bb431f6aaf50

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